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      Differential Expression of the α1 Type VIII Collagen Gene by Smooth Muscle Cells from Atherosclerotic Plaques of Apolipoprotein-E-Deficient Mice

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          Abstract

          We have investigated the morphology, growth and gene expression of smooth muscle cell (SMC) cultures derived from advanced atherosclerotic plaques and from non-plaque-containing aorta of individual apolipoprotein-E-deficient mice. The initial outgrowth of cells was faster from plaques (P) than from non-plaque segments (NP), but the cells in P cultures divided more slowly than NP cells in subcultures. By the 6th passage, the general growth pattern, morphology, ploidy and response to mitogenic factors of the cells were no longer consistently different in P and NP cultures. However, by the use of differential display, several transcripts were identified that were differentially expressed in three independent pairs of P and NP cultures. One of the transcripts, from a type VIII collagen gene, was elevated in all the P cultures compared to their NP counterparts even at the 40th passage. The α1 type VIII collagen transcripts were also readily detectable by RT-PCR in freshly dissected plaques, but not in the normal parts of aortas from the apolipoprotein-E-deficient mice. In situ hybridization showed that the transcripts were limited to the fibrous cap of plaques. Thus, SMCs from atherosclerotic plaques produce type VIII collagen and this differential expression continues when the cells are maintained in tissue culture.

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          Most cited references 1

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          Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction.

          A new method of total RNA isolation by a single extraction with an acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform mixture is described. The method provides a pure preparation of undegraded RNA in high yield and can be completed within 4 h. It is particularly useful for processing large numbers of samples and for isolation of RNA from minute quantities of cells or tissue samples.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            JVR
            J Vasc Res
            10.1159/issn.1018-1172
            Journal of Vascular Research
            S. Karger AG
            1018-1172
            1423-0135
            2000
            June 2000
            24 May 2000
            : 37
            : 3
            : 158-169
            Affiliations
            aDepartment of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, and bDepartment of Biochemistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C., USA
            Article
            25727 J Vasc Res 2000;37:158–169
            10.1159/000025727
            10859474
            © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 7, References: 42, Pages: 12
            Categories
            Research Paper

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