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      Rickettsia typhi and Rickettsia felis in Xenopsylla cheopis and Leptopsylla segnis parasitizing rats in Cyprus.

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          Abstract

          Fleas collected from rats during a three-year period (2000-2003) in 51 areas of all provinces of Cyprus were tested by molecular analysis to characterize the prevalence and identity of fleaborne rickettsiae. Rickettsia typhi, the causative agent of murine typhus, was detected in Xenopsylla cheopis (4%) and in Leptopsylla segnis (6.6%). Rickettsia felis was detected in X. cheopis (1%). This is the first report of R. typhi in X. cheopis and L. segnis from rats, in Cyprus, and the first report of R. felis in X. cheopis in Europe. The role of fleas (mainly X. cheopis) was confirmed in the epidemiologic cycle of murine typhus in Cyprus by interrelation of current results with those of previous studies. The geographic distribution of fleas coincided with the geographic distribution of the pathogen they can harbor, which emphasizes the potential risk of flea-transmitted infections in Cyprus.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.
          The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
          American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
          1476-1645
          0002-9637
          Dec 2010
          : 83
          : 6
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Laboratory of Clinical Bacteriology, Parasitology, Zoonoses and Geographical Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece. cchristou@mphs.moh.gov.cy
          Article
          83/6/1301
          10.4269/ajtmh.2010.10-0118
          2990048
          21118938
          b7240cb7-a3a6-423d-b614-bc8e5728c1f6
          History

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