The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between four CFTR variations and the congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD).
A systematic search was performed in the literature databases for the case–control studies of CFTR variations with the risk of CBAVD. A total of 29 studies among 1139 controls and 1562 CBAVD patients were gathered for the meta-analyses of three commonly tecsted variations (5T, ΔF508 and M470V) with CBAVD.
Our meta-analyses observed significant associations between CBAVD and all the three variations, including 5T (P < 0.001, OR = 8.35, 95% CI = 6.68-10.43), M470V (P = 0.027, OR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.60-0.91) and ΔF508 (P < 0.001, OR = 22.20, 95% CI = 7.49-65.79).
In the current study, we demonstrated a significant association between CFTR variations and CBAVD. Our results showed that the 5T variation was a risk factor of CBAVD in French, Spanish, Japanese, Chinese, Iranian, Indian, Mexican and Egyptian populations. CFTR ΔF508 was another important risk factor in Caucasians, including Slovenians, Canadians, Iranians, and Egyptians. In addition, M470V was a protective factor among French, Chinese, Italian and Iranian populations.