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      Multifocal Corneal Excimer Femtosecond Laser in situ Keratomileusis following Radial Keratotomy: A Case Report with Six Months of Follow-Up

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          We report the case of a 46-year-old female patient who was referred to our clinic (Orasis Eye Clinic, Reinach, Switzerland) seeking improvement of her distance and near visual acuity. Radial keratotomy (RK) was performed at a younger age on both eyes to correct -5 D myopia. The patient underwent a bilateral same-session multifocal corneal excimer femtosecond laser (Supracor) keratomileusis correction. We introduce a new correction approach, possibly suitable for presbyopic patients previously treated with RK, and we present several potential novel advantages such as enhanced near, intermediate vision, and improvement in quality of life. This is the first report of a bilateral excimer laser treatment attempt of presbyopia following RK.

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          Most cited references 19

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          Results of the prospective evaluation of radial keratotomy (PERK) study 10 years after surgery.

          To determine the long-term effects and stability of refraction following a standardized technique of radial keratotomy for myopia in the nine-center Prospective Evaluation of Radial Keratotomy (PERK) Study 10 years after surgery. Radial keratotomy using eight centripetal incisions was performed to reduce myopia of -2.00 to -8.75 diopters in 1982 and 1983. A mean of 10 years later, patients underwent a standardized ophthalmic examination similar to previous study examinations. Of 427 patients (793 eyes that underwent radial keratotomy), 374 patients (88%) (693 eyes) returned for the 10-year examination. Of 675 eyes with refractive data, 38% had a refractive error within 0.50 D and 60% within 1.00 D. For 310 first-operated eyes, the mean refractive error was -0.36 D at 6 months and changed in a hyperopic direction to + 0.51 D at 10 years. The average rate of change was +0.21 D/y between 6 months and 2 years and +0.06 D/y between 2 and 10 years. Between 6 months and 10 years, the refractive error of 43% of eyes changed in the hyperopic direction by 1.00 D or more. The hyperopic shift was statistically associated with the diameter of the clear zone. Uncorrected visual acuity was 20/20 or better in 53% of 681 eyes and 20/40 or better in 85%. Loss of spectacle-corrected visual acuity of 2 lines or more on a Snellen chart occurred in 3% of all 793 eyes that underwent surgery. Among 310 patients with bilateral radial keratotomy, 70% reported not wearing spectacles or contact lenses for distance vision at 10 years. The PERK technique of radial keratotomy eliminated distance optical correction in 70% of patients, with a reasonable level of safety. A shift of the refractive error in the hyperopic direction continued during the entire 10 years after surgery.
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            Corneal approach to hyperopic presbyopia treatment: six-month outcomes of a new multifocal excimer laser in situ keratomileusis procedure.

            To report the safety and efficacy of treatment of hyperopic presbyopia with a new multifocal corneal laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) procedure, Supracor.
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              Corneal multifocality with excimer laser for presbyopia correction.

              To offer a comprehensive perspective on corneal multifocality created by excimer laser surgery, with the different approaches used for the purpose and its reported outcomes.

                Author and article information

                Case Reports in Ophthalmology
                S. Karger AG
                September – December 2014
                03 December 2014
                : 5
                : 3
                : 423-428
                aSwiss Eye Research Foundation, ORASIS Eye Clinic, Reinach, Switzerland; bUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Physics, Novi Sad, and cMedical Faculty, Military Medical Academy, University of Defense, Belgrade, Serbia
                Author notes
                *Iraklis Vastardis, MD, FEBO, ORASIS Eye Clinic, Titlisstrasse 44, CH-5734 Reinach (Switzerland), E-Mail vastardis.iraklis@gmail.com
                369920 PMC4280468 Case Rep Ophthalmol 2014;5:423-428
                © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Open Access License: This is an Open Access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC) ( http://www.karger.com/OA-license), applicable to the online version of the article only. Distribution permitted for non-commercial purposes only. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Pages: 6
                Published: December 2014


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