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Truncating CLCN1 mutations in myotonia congenita: variable patterns of inheritance.

Muscle & Nerve

Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Child, Chloride Channels, genetics, Female, Humans, Inheritance Patterns, Male, Middle Aged, Mutation, Myotonia Congenita, diagnosis, Pedigree, Protein Multimerization, Adolescent

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      Myotonia congenita due to protein truncating CLCN1 mutations is associated with variable patterns of inheritance. Three family kindreds are described, all of whom possess protein truncating mutations (Y33X, fs503X, R894X). One lineage also has coexistent R894X, A313T, and A320V mutations. The Y33X mutation kinship has autosomal recessive inheritance and a severe phenotype when homozygous. The fs503X family has autosomal dominant inheritance and a moderate-to-severe phenotype. The A313T mutation kindred also has autosomal dominant inheritance but expresses a mild phenotype, except for the more severely affected compound heterozygotes. Early truncating mutations precluding dimerization are expected to be autosomal recessive and express a severe phenotype, while later mutations may be variable. The pedigrees presented here demonstrate that intrafamilial phenotypic variability may result from a dosage effect of an additional mutation, not necessarily variable expressivity. Mutations that have unexpected patterns of inheritance may represent allelic variability. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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