Nurul ‘Izzah Ibrahim 1 , Mohd Sharkawi Ahmad 1 , Mohamed S Zulfarina 1 , Sharifah Nurul Aqilah Sayed Mohd Zaris 2 , Zainal Abidin Nor Azlin 3 , Isa Naina Mohamed 1 , Norazlina Mohamed 1 , Sabarul Afian Mokhtar 2 , Ahmad Nazrun Shuid 1
29 January 2019
Physical function assessment can be performed to assess functional mobility among older adults, especially after a traumatic incident such as lower body fracture (LBF). The objective of this study was to evaluate physical function of older patients with LBF after 3 months of discharge from the hospital.
A total of 89 patients were followed up at the discharge phase. Four independent variables were tested: age, sex, type of fracture, and use of a walking aid before fracture. Mobility and strength were assessed with the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test and hand-grip strength (HGS) test, respectively.
The majority of the patients were ≥65 years old (64%), female (61.8%), of Chinese ethnicity (50.6%), and had a hip fracture (51.7%). The mean time for TUG test was 26.11 seconds, while mean HGS was 19.02 kg. We found significant differences in TUG test scores with respect to all independent variables tested: age ( P=0.026), sex ( P=0.011), fracture type ( P<0.001), and use of a walking aid before fracture ( P=0.004). Significant differences were also detected in HGS test scores with respect to all independent variables tested: age ( P<0.001), sex ( P<0.001), fracture type ( P<0.001), and use of a walking aid before fracture ( P=0.035).