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      Ruptured Aneurysms of the Aortic Sinus of Valsalva

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          Abstract

          Aneurysms of the aortic sinus of Valsalva (ASV) are uncommon. This study describes eight cases of ruptured aneurysms of the congenital variety observed over a 10-year period in Singapore. Although ASV is classically diagnosed at the time of rupture, only one patient in this series presented with acute chest pain and dyspnea. All eight patients had continuous murmurs. The clinical diagnosis was confirmed by cardiac catheterization and angiography in eight patients and by thoracotomy in six. In six patients, the aneurysm had ruptured into the right ventricle and in two into the right atrium. In the five patients where the site of the aneurysm could be definitely determined, four arose from the right coronary and one from the noncoronary sinus. This marked preponderance of right coronary sinus over noncoronary sinus aneurysm in Singapore is more in accordance with the Japanese rather than the Western experience. A systolic gradient due to the aneurysm pressing on the right ventricular outflow tract was established in four patients during cardiac catheterization and angiography and confirmed in three patients at thoracotomy. Six patients underwent operation and were alive and well from 7 months to 3 years later.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1975
          1975
          29 October 2008
          : 60
          : 3
          : 129-139
          Affiliations
          Department of Medicine, University of Singapore; Cardio-Thoracic Unit, Tan Tock Seng Hospital; Department of Radiology, and Medical Unit III, Outram Road General Hospital, Singapore
          Article
          169711 Cardiology 1975;60:129–139
          10.1159/000169711
          1220871
          © 1975 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
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