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      Single and Combined Effects of Growth Hormone and Testosterone in Healthy Older Men

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          Abstract

          The life expectancy of populations in the USA and Western European countries is increasing, but the prevalence of features of ageing, such as physical frailty and disability, increases in parallel, creating the challenge of maintaining good health during this longer life. Many physical features of ageing resemble those seen in men with growth hormone (GH) deficiency and/or organic androgen deficiency. In this article, we briefly review the effects of ageing on GH and testosterone release in males, along with data regarding the single or combined administration of GH and testosterone on outcome variables in ageing men. Although some studies suggest that GH, testosterone, or combination therapy may have utility when administered in elderly males, adequately powered, long-term trials with appropriate endpoints are needed. Until this information becomes available, we believe that GH and/or testosterone supplementation in healthy older adults should be limited to individuals in well-controlled research studies.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-8244-5
          978-3-318-01440-2
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          2006
          January 2007
          25 January 2007
          : 66
          : Suppl 1
          : 49-57
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Human Services, Department of Medicine, General Clinical Research Center, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va., bDivision of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Endocrine Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, Mayo Medical and Graduate Schools of Medicine, Rochester, Minn., USA
          Article
          96623 Horm Res 2006;66:49–57
          10.1159/000096623
          © 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          References: 69, Pages: 9
          Categories
          Effects of Sex Steroid Hormones on Muscle Structure and Function – Clinical and ...

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