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      Decreased Matrix Metalloproteinase Activity in the Kidneys of Hereditary Nephrotic Mice (ICGN Strain)

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          Abstract

          Abnormalities of extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism, i.e., overproduction and/or inhibition of ECM breakdown, may contribute to progression of fibrotic degeneration in the kidney. Earlier studies revealed that major ECM components, type I, III, and IV collagens, etc., were accumulated in glomeruli and tubulointerstitium in kidneys of Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) derived glomerulonephritis (ICGN) mice which are a novel inbred strain of mice with a hereditary nephrotic syndrome of unknown etiology and are considered to be a good model of human idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. In the present study, we compared the activities of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of enzymes that degrade ECM components, in the kidneys of aged ICGN mice and age-matched ICR mice as normal controls. We biochemically measured interstitial collagenase (MMP-1), gelatinase (MMP-2 and MMP-9), and stromelysin (MMP-3) activities in the kidney tissues. Lower activities of MMP-1 and MMP-2 and MMP-9 were demonstrated in the kidneys of ICGN mice as compared with those of ICR mice, but there were no significant differences in the MMP-3 activities between these strains. These results show that decreased MMP activities cause abnormal accumulation of ECM in ICGN mouse kidneys.

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          Abnormalities of Extracellular Matrices and Transforming Growth Factor .BETA.1 Localization in the Kidney of the Hereditary Nephrotic Mice (ICGN Strain).

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            Nephrotic Mice (ICGN Strain): A Model of Diffuse Mesangial Sclerosis in Infantile Nephrotic Syndrome

            The ICGN mouse strain is a unique model for naturally occurring nephrotic syndrome. In the present study, we examined the onset of the clinical manifestation of nephrotic syndrome and determined the sequence of intraglomerular events associated with progression of nephrotic conditions. Laboratory analysis revealed that homozygous (nep/nep) mice showed urinary albumin excretion during the suckling stage, rapidly leading to hypoalbuminemia accompanied by body growth failure. Renal pathology demonstrated that an initial intraglomerular event in the nephrotic mice was observed 3 weeks after birth in the form of mesangiolytic lesions, characterized by microaneurysm, platelet accumulation and capillary ballooning. In 6-week-old homozygous mice, mesangial sclerosis, characterized by mesangial expansion and glomerular hypertrophy, was observed in a diffuse fashion. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the glomerular cells in the 3-week-old homozygous suckling mice were positive for α-smooth muscle actin, suggesting a phenotypic change in the mesangial cells. Mesangial expansion, confirmed by the over-deposition of type I collagen, was evident until 6 weeks after weaning, while it was of interest that fibrogenic cytokines such as platelet-derived growth factor and transforming growth factor-β were not detected in the sclerotic glomeruli throughout the observations. Furthermore, the nephrotic features were shown to be resistant to steroid therapy with a high dose of prednisolone. Our results suggest that diffuse mesangial sclerosis, a hereditary glomerular disease, may be genetically generated through early myofibroblast formation, which occurs and develops probably independently of up-regulation of these fibrogenic cytokines. In conclusion, the homozygous nephrotic mouse (ICGN strain) is believed to be a good model for investigating not only nephrotic conditions but also cellular and molecular pathogenesis of diffuse mesangial sclerosis in steroid-resistant infantile nephrotic syndrome.
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              Metalloproteinases in the Pathogenesis of Diabetic Nephropathy

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEF
                Nephron
                10.1159/issn.1660-8151
                Nephron
                S. Karger AG
                1660-8151
                2235-3186
                2000
                October 2000
                22 September 2000
                : 86
                : 2
                : 145-151
                Affiliations
                aUnit of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Department of Animal Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, and bDepartment of Veterinary Sciences, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan
                Article
                45733 Nephron 2000;86:145–151
                10.1159/000045733
                11014984
                © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 3, References: 23, Pages: 7
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45733
                Categories
                Original Paper

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