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      Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil) Translated title: Galhas de insetos da Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brasil)

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          Abstract

          One hundred thirty-seven morphotypes of insect galls were found on 73 plant species (47 genera and 30 families) in Serra de São José, in Tiradentes, MG, Brazil. Fabaceae, Myrtaceae, Asteraceae, and Melastomataceae were the plant families that supported most of the galls (49.6% of the total). Galls were mostly found on leaves and stems (66.4% and 25.5%, respectively). Galls were induced by Diptera, Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Hemiptera (Sternorrhyncha), Hymenoptera, and Thysanoptera. The majority of them (73.7%) were induced by gall midges (Cecidomyiidae: Diptera). Besides the gall inducers, other insects found associated with the galls were parasitoids (Hymenoptera), inquilines (Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera, and Hemiptera), and predators (Diptera).

          Translated abstract

          Foram encontrados 137 tipos de galhas de insetos em 73 espécies de plantas (47 gêneros e 30 famílias) na Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brasil). Fabaceae, Myrtaceae, Asteraceae e Melastomataceae foram as famílias de plantas com maior diversidade de galhas (49,6% do total). As galhas predominaram nas folhas e caules (66,4% e 25,5%, respectivamente). Como galhadores, encontramos espécies de Diptera, Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Hemiptera (Sternorrhyncha), Hymenoptera e Thysanoptera. A maioria das galhas (73,7%) foi induzida por Cecidomyiidae (Diptera). Além dos galhadores, outros insetos foram encontrados associados às galhas, como parasitóides (micro-Hymenoptera), inquilinos (Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera e Hemiptera) e predadores (Diptera).

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          Most cited references 25

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          Ecology of Plant Galls

           M. S. Mani (1964)
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            The gall midges of the Neotropical region

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              The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

              One hundred and eight species of Cecidomyiinae (Cecidomyiidae) were found in association with 53 species of plant distributed among 42 genera and 32 families at restingas of Barra de Maricá, Itaipuaçu and Carapebus. Ninety four gall midge species were cecidogenous, four predaceous, five inquilinous of galls and five were free living. Galling species were associated with 47 plant species belonging to 36 genera and 28 families. The majority of the galls occurred on the leaves (N = 63); 13 on buds; nine on inflorescence, closed flower or flower peduncle; three on fruits and one on tendril. Myrtaceae were the richest plant family in number of galls followed by Burseraceae, Nyctaginaceae, Sapotaceae, Erythroxylaceae, Malpighiaceae and Solanaceae. New records of host plants and localities were recorded. Seventy nine Cecidomyiinae species were found at Restinga of Barra de Maricá, 64 at Carapebus and 41 at Itaipuaçu. Sorensen's index revealed that the restingas of Barra de Maricá and Itaipuaçu ate more similar in Cecidomyiinae fauna, confirming a positive relation between geographical proximity and fauna similarity.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                bjb
                Brazilian Journal of Biology
                Braz. J. Biol.
                Instituto Internacional de Ecologia (São Carlos )
                1678-4375
                August 2004
                : 64
                : 3a
                : 423-445
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Brazil
                [2 ] Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Brazil
                Article
                S1519-69842004000300007
                10.1590/S1519-69842004000300007
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                BIOLOGY

                General life sciences

                cerrado, insetos, galhas, insects, rupestrian fields, Minas Gerais, galls, campos rupestres

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