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      Direct Action of Serotonin on Prolactin, Growth Hormone, Corticotropin and Luteinizing Hormone Release in Cocultures of Anterior and Posterior Pituitary Lobes: Autocrine and/or Paracrine Action of Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide

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          Abstract

          There is extensive evidence that serotonin (5-HT) is implicated in the neuroendocrine control regulating the secretion of several anterior pituitary hormones. It has also been reported that the posterior pituitary is necessary for prolactin (PRL) response to 5-HT as well as to suckling, in which 5-HT implication has been demonstrated. As we have previously shown that vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) mediates through an autocrine or paracrine action the PRL release induced by insulin-like growth factor I, thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and dopamine withdrawal, the aim of the present work was to determine whether 5-HT has a direct action on pituitary secretion and to study the possible role of pituitary VIP in this situation. Cells from the anterior pituitary lobe (AP) were cultured either alone or together with cells from the posterior pituitary lobe (PP). As melanotropes from PP express glucocorticoid receptors in vitro, both AP cultures and cocultures of AP/PP cells were incubated in the presence or absence of corticosterone (0.1 µg/ml), thus designing four experimental conditions. Then both AP and mixed cultures were incubated with 5-HT (100 n M) for 20, 45 and 180. The release of PRL, growth hormone (GH), corticotropin (ACTH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) was stimulated by 5-HT, but only in cocultures of AP/PP cells preincubated with corticosterone, whereas follicle-stimulating hormone and thyroid-stimulating hormone release was not modified. As AP cultures did not show any response to 5-HT, both in the presence or absence of corticosterone, and as melanotropes are the main cellular type present in the PP cultures, we studied the response of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (αMSH) to 5-HT in PP cells cultured with or without corticosterone. Serotonin did not modify αMSH release either in the absence or the presence of corticosterone. VIP release was also stimulated by 5-HT in the cocultures, and the time response profile was only similar to that of PRL. In order to study whether pituitary VIP is implicated in 5-HT action, cocultures preincubated with corticosterone were incubated in the presence of 5-HT, a VIP-receptor antagonist (VIP-At) or simultaneously with 5-HT plus VIP-At. PRL response to 5-HT was abolished by the simultaneous presence of VIP-At, whereas GH, ACTH and LH response remained unchanged. These data demostrate that: (1) 5-HT stimulates the secretion of PRL, GH, ACTH, LH and VIP acting directly at pituitary level on PP, probably by releasing an unidentified mediator from melanotropes; (2) glucocorticoids make the response of AP cells to 5-HT possible due to the presence of PP cells in the coculture; (3) PRL response to 5-HT is mediated through an autocrine and/or paracrine action of VIP.

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          Most cited references 11

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          Distribution of serotonin-immunoreactivity in the central nervous system of the rat—Cell bodies and terminals

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            Serotonergic control of prolactin release in male rats.

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              Differential serotonergic innervation of individual hypothalamic nuclei and other forebrain regions by the dorsal and median midbrain raphe nuclei

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEN
                Neuroendocrinology
                10.1159/issn.0028-3835
                Neuroendocrinology
                S. Karger AG
                0028-3835
                1423-0194
                1998
                November 1998
                18 November 1998
                : 68
                : 5
                : 326-333
                Affiliations
                a Servicios de Endocrinología, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, b CNIC, Instituto Carlos III, y c Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, España
                Article
                54381 Neuroendocrinology 1998;68:326–333
                10.1159/000054381
                9822800
                © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 8, Tables: 1, References: 50, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Regulation of Pituitary Cells

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