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      Spatial Combination Modeling Framework of Saturation-Excess and Infiltration-Excess Runoff for Semihumid Watersheds

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      Advances in Meteorology
      Hindawi Limited

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          Abstract

          There exist two types of direct runoff generation mechanisms in semihumid watersheds: saturation-excess mechanism and infiltration-excess mechanism. It has always been a difficult problem for event hydrological simulation to distinguish the two types of runoff processes. Based on the concept of dominant runoff processes, combined with GIS and RS techniques, this paper proposed an event-based spatial combination modeling framework and built two spatial combination models (SCMs) accordingly. The CN parameter and topographic index, both of which are widely used in hydrological researches, are adopted by the SCM to divide the entire watershed into infiltration-excess dominated (IED) areas and saturation-excess dominated (SED) areas. Dongwan watershed was taken as an example to test the performances of infiltration-excess model, saturation-excess model, and SCM, respectively. The results of parameter optimization showed that the parameter values and state variables of SCM are much more realistic than those of infiltration-excess model and saturation-excess model. The more accurate the divisions of infiltration-excess and saturation-excess dominated areas, the more realistic the SCM parameter values. The simulation results showed that the performance of SCM was improved in both calibration and validation periods. The framework is useful for flood forecasting in semihumid watersheds.

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          Most cited references29

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          A physically based, variable contributing area model of basin hydrology / Un modèle à base physique de zone d'appel variable de l'hydrologie du bassin versant

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            The Rôle of infiltration in the hydrologic cycle

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              Partial Area Contributions to Storm Runoff in a Small New England Watershed

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Advances in Meteorology
                Advances in Meteorology
                Hindawi Limited
                1687-9309
                1687-9317
                2016
                2016
                : 2016
                :
                : 1-15
                Article
                10.1155/2016/5173984
                b82eb477-12b6-41b7-ad50-d4f3db4f63da
                © 2016

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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