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      Physical Aggression and Facial Expression Identification

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          Abstract

          Social information processing theories suggest that aggressive individuals may exhibit hostile perceptual biases when interpreting other’s behaviour. This hypothesis was tested in the present study which investigated the effects of physical aggression on facial expression identification in a sample of healthy participants. Participants were asked to judge the expressions of faces presented to them and to complete a self-report measure of aggression. Relative to low physically aggressive participants, high physically aggressive participants were more likely to mistake non-angry facial expressions as being angry facial expressions (misattribution errors), supporting the idea of a hostile predisposition. These differences were not explained by gender, or response times. There were no differences in identifying angry expressions in general between aggression groups (misperceived errors). These findings add support to the idea that aggressive individuals exhibit hostile perceptual biases when interpreting facial expressions.

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          Most cited references26

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          The aggression questionnaire.

          A new questionnaire on aggression was constructed. Replicated factor analyses yielded 4 scales: Physical Aggression, Verbal Aggression, Anger, and Hostility. Correlational analysis revealed that anger is the bridge between both physical and verbal aggression and hostility. The scales showed internal consistency and stability over time. Men scored slightly higher on Verbal Aggression and Hostility and much higher on Physical Aggression. There was no sex difference for Anger. The various scales correlated differently with various personality traits. Scale scores correlated with peer nominations of the various kinds of aggression. These findings suggest the need to assess not only overall aggression but also its individual components.
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            Presentation and validation of the Radboud Faces Database

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              A review and reformulation of social information-processing mechanisms in children's social adjustment.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                EJOP
                Eur J Psychol
                Europe's Journal of Psychology
                Eur. J. Psychol.
                PsychOpen
                1841-0413
                28 November 2014
                : 10
                : 4
                : 650-659
                Affiliations
                [a ]Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
                [b ]Department of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom
                [3]Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
                Author notes
                [* ]Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, Vancouver General Hospital Eye Care Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V5Z 3N9, Canada. alisdairt@ 123456eyecarecentre.org
                Article
                ejop.v10i4.816
                10.5964/ejop.v10i4.816
                b834b899-2527-45cd-8ab0-3ecb0a2b1218
                Copyright @

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 24 May 2014
                : 23 July 2014
                Categories
                Research Reports

                Psychology
                facial expressions,emotion,face processing,physical,aggression
                Psychology
                facial expressions, emotion, face processing, physical, aggression

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