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      Predicts the Factors Influencing on Behavior of Body Management in Female Students (Original Research)

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      Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

      Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

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          Abstract

          This study aimed to investigate the relation between body management and body satisfaction, diversityism, modernity, attention-drawing and distinction-seeking and sought to identify the predictability degree of these variables through quantitative and survey methods as well as questionnaire tool. Their effects on body management are considerable since they play an important role in society and in family. The tendency of young girls to control their weight, to be in shape; to consume cosmetics increases day-to-day. Theoretical framework of research was a compilation of theories of Sociology and Psychology. The statistical population consisted of female students of Payame Noor University of Abade in the academic year 2014-2015. In this study, 150 questionnaires were distributed among the students and 130 samples were selected, which were thirty times more than the main variables of the study. Pearson Correlation was used for data analysis and stepwise multiple regression was used to predict. Previous studies were reviewed for determining different dimensions of body management, which finally were summarized in characteristics: personal and health care (alpha= 0.81); interest in fitness (alpha= 0.70); weight control (alpha= 0.80). Totally, body management was assessed by 36 items in which Cronbach’s Alpha was 0.79. The results showed that diversityism (t=4.182), distinction-seeking (t=3.866) and modernity (t=3.879) were related to body management directly and positively and were not related to body satisfaction and attention-drawing. Finlay Stepwise regression results showed that there was Correlation between diversityism and body management in female students. At this stage, the coefficient of determination (R2) was 0.120 and in the second stage, with the introduction of modernity, the coefficient of determination (R2) was equal to 0.164, which explained about 17% of body management changes. Despite the primary assumption, body satisfaction and drawing attention were not in significant relationship with body management.

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          Body Image and Appearance-Management Behaviors in College Women

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
            CSWHI
            Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
            2222386X
            20769741
            December 28 2017
            December 28 2017
            : 8
            : 4
            : 61-68
            Article
            10.22359/cswhi_8_4_07
            © 2017

            This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Psychology, Social & Behavioral Sciences

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