The decomposition of diversity into within site (α) and between site (β) components is especially interesting in subterranean communities because of their isolated nature and limited dispersal potential The aquatic epikarst fauna, sampled from water drips in caves affords a unique opportunity to provide comparable, quantitative samples of a portion of the obligate subterranean dwelling fauna in multiple hierarchical levels. We focused on three interrelated questions—(1) what is the spatial pattern of epikarst species diversity; (2) how does species diversity partition between local, and regional components (nested and replacement); and (3) whether epikarst hotspots are subterranean hotspots in general. We analyzed the geographic pattern of species richness of 30 species of obligate subterranean copepods found in 81 drips in Slovenian caves in three karst regions—Alpine, Dinaric, and Isolated. Comparison of Chao1 and observed (Mao-tau) estimates of species richness indicated sampling in most drips was complete, but species accumulation curves indicated roughly half of the sites in the Dinaric karst had not reached an asymptote. Overall, within drip diversity accounted for three species, different drips in a cave another three, different caves in a region six species, and different regions accounted for the remaining 18 species. Sites in the Dinaric karst had much higher species richness than the other sites, which is in agreement with studies of other components of the subterranean fauna. The fauna associated with drips in Županova jama (jama = cave), in the east-central Dinaric karst was the richest found. While turnover explained the majority of β-diversity, nestedness in the form of hotspot drips was important as well. A consequence is that a small number of drips largely determine cave and regional species diversity.