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      Embryonic lethality and liver degeneration in mice lacking the RelA component of NF-kappa B.

      Nature

      Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, pharmacology, Female, Fetal Death, genetics, Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor, DNA Primers, Liver Diseases, embryology, pathology, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Molecular Sequence Data, NF-kappa B, deficiency, Pregnancy, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Transcription Factor RelA, Transcription Factor RelB, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic, drug effects, physiology, Animals, Base Sequence

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          Abstract

          NF-kappa B, which consists of two polypeptides, p50 (M(r) 50K) and p65/RelA (M(r) 65K), is thought to be a key regulator of genes involved in responses to infection, inflammation and stress. Indeed, although developmentally normal, mice deficient in p50 display functional defects in immune responses. Here we describe the generation of mice deficient in the RelA subunit of NF-kappa B. Disruption of the relA locus leads to embryonic lethality at 15-16 days of gestation, concomitant with a massive degeneration of the liver by programmed cell death or apoptosis. Embryonic fibroblasts from RelA-deficient mice are defective in the tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-mediated induction of messenger RNAs for I kappa B alpha and granulocyte/macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), although basal levels of these transcripts are unaltered. These results indicate that RelA controls inducible, but not basal, transcription in NF-kappa B-regulated pathways.

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          Journal
          10.1038/376167a0
          7603567

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