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      Microbes versus microbes: immune signals generated by probiotic lactobacilli and their role in protection against microbial pathogens.

      Fems Immunology and Medical Microbiology
      Animals, Bacterial Infections, immunology, microbiology, Child, Preschool, Disease Models, Animal, Humans, Immune System, Infant, Lactobacillus, Mice, Probiotics, Rabbits, Rats

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          Abstract

          Probiotic lactic acid bacteria can signal the immune system through innate cell surface pattern recognition receptors or via direct lymphoid cell activation. In some cases, this action has been shown to be sufficient to modulate local- and systemic-level in vivo immune responses. Practical applications of probiotics include their use in anti-tumour and anti-allergy immunotherapy, but there is also increasing evidence that some probiotics can stimulate a protective immune response sufficiently to enhance resistance to microbial pathogens. This review outlines the experimental and clinical evidence for enhanced anti-microbial immune protection by probiotic lactic acid bacteria, focussing on those studies where a correlative or suggestive link has been shown between immune modulation and enhanced protection.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          12443824
          10.1111/j.1574-695X.2002.tb00632.x

          Chemistry
          Animals,Bacterial Infections,immunology,microbiology,Child, Preschool,Disease Models, Animal,Humans,Immune System,Infant,Lactobacillus,Mice,Probiotics,Rabbits,Rats

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