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      Prize reinforcement contingency management for cocaine dependence: integration with group therapy in a methadone clinic.

      Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

      Reinforcement (Psychology), methods, Psychotherapy, Group, therapeutic use, Narcotics, Methadone, Male, Humans, Female, Delivery of Health Care, Integrated, Combined Modality Therapy, therapy, rehabilitation, Cocaine-Related Disorders, Awards and Prizes, Ambulatory Care, Adult

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          Abstract

          In this study, the authors evaluated a low-cost contingency management (CM) procedure for reducing cocaine use and enhancing group therapy attendance in 77 cocaine-dependent methadone patients. Patients were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of standard treatment or standard treatment with CM, in which patients earned the opportunity to win prizes ranging from $1 to $100 for submitting cocainenegative samples and attending therapy. Patients in the CM condition submitted more cocaine-negative samples and attended more groups than patients in standard treatment. The best predictor of cocaine abstinence at follow-up was duration of abstinence during treatment. On average, patients in the CM condition earned $117 in prizes. Data from this study suggest that some aspects of reinforcement can be implemented in group therapy in community-based clinics. Copyright (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved

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          Journal
          10.1037/0022-006X.73.2.354
          15796645

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