To evaluate the trends and correlation between the antibiotic consumption and susceptibility of eight most frequent isolates in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University (2007–2016).
This study was based on the yearly surveillance data in a 2500-bed capacity tertiary-care teaching hospital. Trends and correlation were, respectively, analyzed by linear regression and Pearson’s correlation coefficient.
The consumption of all antibiotics decreased by 10.8% over time, especially first-generation cephalosporins ( p=0.001), fourth-generation cephalosporins ( p=0.01), aminoglycosides ( p<0.001), and fluoroquinolones ( p<0.001), but increased remarkably in linezolid, carbapenems, glycopeptides, and third-generation cephalosporins (3GCs). 72.7% of trend analyses indicated increased susceptibility to antibiotics with remarkably decreased consumption. In particular, susceptibility to aminoglycosides and fluoroquinolones remarkably increased in seven of eight pathogens and negatively correlated with the corresponding antibiotic consumption ( p<0.05). Isolation density significantly declined in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (54.9–41.3%, p=0.009) and in extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (42.4–15.6%, p=0.007), which positively correlated with the consumption of fluoroquinolones. The susceptibility to antibiotics with increased consumption was almost stable. Decreased trends were only found in K. pneumoniae to imipenem (81–71.3%, p=0.046) and cefoperazone/sulbactam (70.8–61.0%, p=0.014) and in Acinetobacter baumannii to cefoperazone/sulbactam (59–28%, p=0.007), which negatively correlated with the consumption of carbapenems (r=−0.649, p=0.042) and 3GCs/β-lactamase inhibitors ( p<0.05), respectively. The consumption of glycopeptides even positively correlated with the growing susceptibility to vancomycin in Enterococcus faecium (r=0.633, p=0.049) and Enterococcus faecalis (r=0.752, p=0.012).