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      Determinants of Subjective Well-Being: A Systematic Review

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      Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal
      e-IPH Ltd.

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          Abstract

          n recent years, there has been increasing in number of research focusing on subjective well-being issues in many countries all over the world. Subjective well-being concerning with people happiness and overall life satisfaction towards their own day-to-day life experience. This systematic review is conducted to explore and highlight the determinants of subjective well-being on 33 articles obtained from academic search engines and online databases which are Google Scholar, ScienceDirect and Scopus within a period from September 2017 until January 2018. From the review, it was found that beside personality factors, health and religion, the socio-economic attributes such as income, financial and employment status are the most focusing determinants of subjective well-being among the society.

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          Most cited references13

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          Do we really know what makes us happy? A review of the economic literature on the factors associated with subjective well-being

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            Factors predicting the subjective well-being of nations.

            Subjective well-being (SWB) in 55 nations, reported in probability surveys and a large college student sample, was correlated with social, economic, and cultural characteristics of the nations. The SWB surveys, representing nations that include three fourths of the earth's population, showed strong convergence. Separate measures of the predictor variables also converged and formed scales with high reliability, with the exception of the comparison variables. High income, individualism, human rights, and societal equality correlated strongly with each other, and with SWB across surveys. Income correlated with SWB even after basic need fulfillment was controlled. Only individualism persistently correlated with SWB when other predictors were controlled. Cultural homogeneity, income growth, and income comparison showed either low or inconsistent relations with SWB.
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              The happy personality: a meta-analysis of 137 personality traits and subjective well-being.

              This meta-analysis used 9 literature search strategies to examine 137 distinct personality constructs as correlates of subjective well-being (SWB). Personality was found to be equally predictive of life satisfaction, happiness, and positive affect, but significantly less predictive of negative affect. The traits most closely associated with SWB were repressive-defensiveness, trust, emotional stability, locus of control-chance, desire for control, hardiness, positive affectivity, private collective self-esteem, and tension. When personality traits were grouped according to the Big Five factors, Neuroticism was the strongest predictor of life satisfaction, happiness, and negative affect. Positive affect was predicted equally well by Extraversion and Agreeableness. The relative importance of personality for predicting SWB, how personality might influence SWB, and limitations of the present review are discussed.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal
                E-BPJ
                e-IPH Ltd.
                2398-4287
                March 02 2018
                March 02 2018
                : 3
                : 7
                : 135
                Article
                10.21834/e-bpj.v3i7.1228
                b8dd7b82-efaa-4af7-8a92-b5f4fdf80691
                © 2018

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/


                Psychology,Urban design & Planning,Urban studies,General behavioral science,Cultural studies

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