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      Tree cult in the mythology of the peoples of the world Translated title: Culto al árbol en la mitología de los pueblos del mundo

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          Abstract

          ABSTRACT The article examines the tree cult, which occupies a large place in the mythology of the peoples of the world using a historical-comparative approach. It is substantiated the idea that in the mythological thinking of most peoples, the tree has various mythical features, such as a means of connecting heaven and earth, a sacred being that acts as a parent, saviour and other functions. It is analyzed how the tree cult still preserves many common features of human culture, regardless of language, religion, race, or place of residence, and combines its sacred essence at the same point in the mythological system of thought of different ethnic groups, performing similar functions. According to the mythical space, these similar functions were created, improved and have survived to the present day due to certain beliefs. Also, early primitive ideas, versions and variants that played a role in the formation of general and specific features of the world tree cult were reviewed and compared. In this sense, various mythological subjects and images created by different ethnic groups living in distant geographical areas (Jewish, Scandinavian, Turkish, Indian, Chinese, Greek, Azerbaijani, Hindu, Slavic, Yakut, etc.) have been analyzed highlighting similar and different features related to the tree cult.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMEN El artículo examina el culto al árbol, que ocupa un lugar importante en la mitología de los pueblos del mundo desde un enfoque histórico-comparativo. Se fundamenta la idea de que, en el pensamiento mitológico de la mayoría de los pueblos, el árbol tiene diversas características míticas, como medio de conexión del cielo y la tierra, ser sagrado que actúa como padre, salvador y otras funciones. Se analiza cómo el culto al árbol aún conserva muchos rasgos comunes de la cultura humana, independientemente de la lengua, religión, raza o lugar de residencia, y combina su esencia sagrada en un mismo punto del sistema mitológico de pensamiento de las diferentes etnias, realizando funciones similares. Según el espacio mítico, estas funciones similares fueron creadas, mejoradas y han sobrevivido hasta nuestros días debido a ciertas creencias. Además, se revisaron y compararon las primeras ideas, versiones y variantes primitivas que jugaron un papel en la formación de las características generales y específicas del culto al árbol del mundo. En este sentido, se han analizado diversos temas mitológicos e imágenes creadas por diferentes grupos étnicos que viven en áreas geográficas distantes (judíos, escandinavos, turcos, indios, chinos, griegos, azerbaiyanos, hindúes, eslavos, yakutos, etc.) destacando similitudes y diferencias relacionadas con el culto al árbol.

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          Most cited references19

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          Theoretical Milestones: Selected Writings of Lauri Honko

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            What Folklorists Do: Professional Possibilities in Folklore Studies

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              Folklore

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                rus
                Revista Universidad y Sociedad
                Universidad y Sociedad
                Editorial "Universo Sur" (Cienfuegos, , Cuba )
                2218-3620
                June 2023
                : 15
                : 3
                : 404-412
                Affiliations
                [1] orgnameSumgayit State University Azerbaijan
                Article
                S2218-36202023000300404 S2218-3620(23)01500300404
                b90c7c7d-e976-4041-a21e-7636132ef18c

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 02 April 2023
                : 07 June 2023
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 19, Pages: 9
                Product

                SciELO Cuba

                Categories
                ORIGINAL ARTICLES

                Mythology,Imaginación primitiva,Symbolism,Simbolismo,Culto al árbol,Mitología,Tree cult,Primitive imagination

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