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      Evaluation of MEMS materials of construction for implantable medical devices

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      Biomaterials

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Medical devices based on microelectro-mechanical systems (MEMS) platforms are currently being proposed for a wide variety of implantable applications. However, biocompatibility data for typical MEMS materials of construction and processing, obtained from standard tests currently recognized by regulatory agencies, has not been published. Likewise, the effects of common sterilization techniques on MEMS material properties have not been reported. Medical device regulatory requirements dictate that materials that are biocompatibility tested be processed and sterilized in a manner equivalent to the final production device. Material, processing, and sterilization method can impact the final result. Six candidate materials for implantable MEMS devices, and one encapsulating material, were fabricated using typical MEMS processing techniques and sterilized. All seven materials were evaluated using a baseline battery of ISO 10993 physicochemical and biocompatibility tests. In addition, samples of these materials were evaluated using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) pre- and post-sterilization. While not addressing all facets of ISO 10993 testing, the biocompatibility and SEM data indicate few concerns about use of these materials in implant applications.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Biomaterials
          Biomaterials
          Elsevier BV
          01429612
          July 2002
          July 2002
          : 23
          : 13
          : 2737-2750
          Article
          10.1016/S0142-9612(02)00007-8
          12059024
          © 2002

          https://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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