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      A new species of Sitochroa Hübner, 1825 (Lepidoptera, Crambidae, Pyraustinae) from Iran, with taxonomic notes on the genus

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      Nota Lepidopterologica

      Pensoft Publishers

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          Abstract

          Sitochroa urmiensis sp. nov. is described based on a single male collected in West Azarbaijan Province, Iran. Sitochroa palealis (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) is considered as a senior synonym of Loxostege farsalis Amsel, 1950 syn. nov. Loxostege malekalis Amsel, 1950 is transferred to the genus Sitochroa Hübner, as S. malekalis (Amsel, 1950) comb. nov. And the hitherto unknown female of S. malekalis is described and illustrated.

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          4. Skeleton and muscles: adults

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            Sitochroa palealis: A Palearctic Pyraustine Moth (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea: Crambidae) Newly Introduced to North America

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              Revision of the genus Emphylica Turner, 1913 based on morphology and molecular data ( Lepidoptera , Crambidae , Pyraustinae )

              Abstract Moths of the genus Emphylica Turner, 1913 resemble species of Achyra Guenée, 1849, Loxostege Hübner, 1825 and Sitochroa Hübner, 1825 in having a conical frons. In order to examine the monophyly of Emphylica , and its relationship to other genera with a conical frons, a molecular phylogenetic framework is reconstructed based on sequence data of COI, 16S rRNA, 28S rRNA, EF-1α and Wg gene regions. The results robustly support the monophyly of Emphylica . Achyra + ( Loxostege + Sitochroa ) is in a sister position to Emphylica . A new species, E. crassihamata sp. n., is described from Southern China and two new combinations, E. diaphana (Caradja & Meyrick, 1934), comb. n. and E. cruoralis (Warren, 1895), comb. n., are proposed. An identification key based on males is provided for all Emphylica species. The adult habitus and genitalia of all species are figured.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Nota Lepidopterologica
                NL
                Pensoft Publishers
                2367-5365
                0342-7536
                April 14 2020
                April 14 2020
                : 43
                : 61-76
                Article
                10.3897/nl.43.49128
                © 2020

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