Objective To understand demand for emergency education among college students and to analyze the influencing factors, to provide the evidence for college to make prevention and controlling measures.
Methods A survey was conducted among college students who were selected by stratified random sampling from 4 colleges in Liaoning Province, and data were analyzed using general descriptive analysis, chi-square test and multivariate Logistic regression analysis.
Results There were 90.7% of college students who had urgent needs for emergency education. Students who were female (93.9%), seniors (94.4%), learning in medical colleges (97.6%), having mothers with higher education levels (92.6%), and living in urban areas (94.4%) had higher educational needs. Multivariate analysis showed that gender ( OR = 5.00), school category ( OR = 3.87), emergency attitude ( OR = 8.02), active learning behavior ( OR = 3.91), emergency knowledge self-assessment ( OR = 6.64) were influencing factors ( P<0.05).
Conclusion The emergency knowledge and preparation of college students were insufficient and emergency education was needed. The government and schools should strengthen their attention and input, develop more effective ways to disseminate emergency knowledge among students so as to improve their response ability.
【摘要】 目的 了解大学生应急教育需求现况及其影响因素, 为学校制定相应干预策略提供参考。 方法 采用分层 随机抽样方法对辽宁省 4 所大学的 399 名在校大学生进行问卷调査, 运用统计描述、 χ 2 检验和 Logistic 回归分析数据。结 果 90.7% 的大学生存在迫切的应急教育需求, 其中女性 (93.9%)、髙年级 (94.4%)、医学生 (97.6%)、母亲教育程度髙 (92.6%)、家庭居住地在城市 (94.4%)的大学生教育需求较髙。多因素二元 Logistic 回归分析结果显示, 性别 ( OR = 5.00)、 专业类别 ( OR =3.87)、应急态度 ( OR = 8.02)、主动学习行为意愿 ( OR = 3.91)、应急知识自评 ( OR = 6.64) 是影响学生对应急 教育需求的主要因素 ( P值均<0.05)。 结论 大学生应急知识及准备不足, 应急教育需求迫切。政府和学校应加强重视和 投人, 通过各种有效途径和方法向大学生传播、普及应急知识, 提髙其应急能力。