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      Induction of Cell-Rich and Lipid-Rich Plaques in a Transfilter Coculture System with Human Vascular Cells

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          Abstract

          Cell-to-cell interactions are mainly involved in the control of the proliferation, migration, differentiation and function of different cell types in a wide range of tissues. In the arterial vessel wall, human arterial endothelial cells (haEC) and smooth muscle cells (haSMC) coexist in close contact with each other. In atherogenesis, haSMC can migrate from the media to the subintimal space to form fibromuscular and atheromatous plaques. In the present study, a transfilter coculture system is described, in which the interface between haSMC and confluent or proliferative haEC can be studied in detail. Cells were cocultured on the opposite sides of a porous filter which separates both cell types like the internal elastic lamina in vivo. In cocultures containing proliferative haEC, haSMC growth was significantly stimulated (33.4 ± 5.7 cells/section, p < 0.05) compared to haSMC monocultures (22.9 ± 2.5 cells/section) and cocultures containing confluent haEC (15.6 ± 2.9 cells/section). If confluent haEC were injured mechanically, haSMC growth increased highly significantly (71.3 ± 16.8 cells/section, p < 0.001). Thus, cell-rich proliferates containing 5-7 layers of haSMC embedded in extracellular matrix were formed after 14 days. On the other hand, after haSMC migration to the endothelial side had occurred, the addition of LDL and monocytes to cocultures with arterial media explants and haEC resulted in the formation of lipid-rich, low-cellular structures. After 28 days, characteristic in vitro plaque growth was induced; the plaque contained a lipid core with predominantly necrotic cells, extracellular lipid accumulations, atypically shaped lipid-loaded haSMC and macrophages, similar to in vivo foam cells, as well as an increased amount of extracellular matrix (collagen I, III and IV). These areas were surrounded by typical fibromuscular caps consisting of smooth muscle α-actin-positive haSMC. Finally, the formation of capillaries by haEC could also be observed within these structures.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1996
          1996
          24 September 2008
          : 33
          : 4
          : 327-339
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Internal Medicine III, Division of Cardiology, bFirst Institute of Physiology, and cDepartment of Surgery, University of Tübingen, Germany
          Article
          159160 J Vasc Res 1996;33:327–339
          10.1159/000159160
          8695757
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 13
          Categories
          Research Paper

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