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Normative data for onset VEPs to red-green and blue-yellow chromatic contrast.

Clinical Neurophysiology

Adult, Reference Values, Photic Stimulation, Middle Aged, Male, Humans, Female, physiology, Evoked Potentials, Visual, Contrast Sensitivity, Color Perception

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      To better characterize the properties of chromatic VEPs to onset-offset of red-green and blue-yellow equiluminant patterns, and establish normative values for a set of stimuli able to elicit robust and reliable responses, suitable for the clinical application. Chromatic VEPs have been recorded (Oz lead) from 28 normal subjects (age range 20-53 years) in response to monocular presentation of both red-green and blue-yellow equiluminant sinusoidal gratings. Stimuli were generated by a Cambridge VSG/2 card and displayed on a Barco CCID monitor (14x14 deg field size). Spatial frequency, chromaticity, contrast and onset-offset duration were varied. For both red-green and blue-yellow equiluminant stimuli, robust responses have been obtained with gratings of 2 c/deg, presented in onset (300 ms) offset (700 ms) mode, at contrasts ranging from 90 to 6%. In all observers, the VEP waveform consisted mainly of a negative wave at stimulus onset, with a latency rapidly increasing with decreasing contrast. For both red-green and blue-yellow stimuli, the VEP contrast threshold coincided with the psychophysical threshold. The results complement previous studies aimed at characterizing the properties of chromatic VEPs. In addition, normative data are provided for a set of stimulus characteristics suitable for the clinical routine.

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