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      Impact of depression on speech perception in noise

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          Abstract

          Effective speech communication is critical to everyday quality of life and social well-being. In addition to the well-studied deficits in cognitive and motor function, depression also impacts communication. Here, we examined speech perception in individuals who were clinically diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) relative to neurotypical controls. Forty-two normal-hearing (NH) individuals with MDD and 41 NH neurotypical controls performed sentence recognition tasks across three conditions with maskers varying in the extent of linguistic content (high, low, and none): 1-talker masker (1T), reversed 1-talker masker (1T_tr), and speech-shaped noise (SSN). Individuals with MDD, relative to neurotypical controls, demonstrated lower recognition accuracy in the 1T condition but not in the 1T_tr or SSN condition. To examine the nature of the listening condition-specific speech perception deficit, we analyzed speech recognition errors. Errors as a result of interference from masker sentences were higher for individuals with MDD (vs. neurotypical controls) in the 1T condition. This depression-related listening condition-specific pattern in recognition errors was not observed for other error types. We posit that this depression-related listening condition-specific deficit in speech perception may be related to heightened distractibility due to linguistic interference from background talkers.

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          Most cited references 58

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ConceptualizationRole: Data curationRole: Formal analysisRole: InvestigationRole: MethodologyRole: VisualizationRole: Writing – original draftRole: Writing – review & editing
                Role: Formal analysisRole: MethodologyRole: SoftwareRole: Writing – review & editing
                Role: Formal analysisRole: MethodologyRole: SoftwareRole: Writing – review & editing
                Role: ConceptualizationRole: Data curationRole: Formal analysisRole: Funding acquisitionRole: MethodologyRole: Project administrationRole: ResourcesRole: SupervisionRole: Writing – review & editing
                Role: ConceptualizationRole: Data curationRole: Formal analysisRole: Funding acquisitionRole: MethodologyRole: ResourcesRole: SoftwareRole: SupervisionRole: Writing – original draftRole: Writing – review & editing
                Role: Editor
                Journal
                PLoS One
                PLoS ONE
                plos
                plosone
                PLoS ONE
                Public Library of Science (San Francisco, CA USA )
                1932-6203
                15 August 2019
                2019
                : 14
                : 8
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, University of Maryland, Maryland, United States of America
                [2 ] Department of Linguistics and Cognitive Science, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, United States of America
                [3 ] Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America
                [4 ] Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America
                [5 ] Institute for Mental Health Research, Austin, Texas, United States of America
                [6 ] Department of Communication Science and Disorders, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
                University of Hull, UNITED KINGDOM
                Author notes

                Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

                PONE-D-19-07245
                10.1371/journal.pone.0220928
                6695097
                31415624
                © 2019 Xie et al

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Counts
                Figures: 4, Tables: 2, Pages: 17
                Product
                Funding
                Funded by: funder-id http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000026, National Institute on Drug Abuse;
                Award ID: DA032457
                Award Recipient :
                Funded by: funder-id http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000055, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders;
                Award ID: R01DC013315
                Award Recipient :
                This work was supported by grant DA032457 to CGB from the National Institute on Drug Abuse ( https://www.drugabuse.gov/) and grant R01DC013315 to BC from National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders ( https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
                Categories
                Research Article
                Social Sciences
                Linguistics
                Speech
                Medicine and Health Sciences
                Mental Health and Psychiatry
                Mood Disorders
                Depression
                Social Sciences
                Linguistics
                Linguistic Morphology
                Social Sciences
                Linguistics
                Grammar
                Social Sciences
                Sociology
                Communications
                Social Communication
                Social Sciences
                Linguistics
                Neurolinguistics
                Biology and Life Sciences
                Neuroscience
                Neurolinguistics
                Engineering and Technology
                Signal Processing
                Speech Signal Processing
                Social Sciences
                Linguistics
                Cognitive Linguistics
                Word Recognition
                Custom metadata
                All relevant data are within the manuscript.

                Uncategorized

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