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Impact of depression on speech perception in noise

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      Abstract

      Effective speech communication is critical to everyday quality of life and social well-being. In addition to the well-studied deficits in cognitive and motor function, depression also impacts communication. Here, we examined speech perception in individuals who were clinically diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) relative to neurotypical controls. Forty-two normal-hearing (NH) individuals with MDD and 41 NH neurotypical controls performed sentence recognition tasks across three conditions with maskers varying in the extent of linguistic content (high, low, and none): 1-talker masker (1T), reversed 1-talker masker (1T_tr), and speech-shaped noise (SSN). Individuals with MDD, relative to neurotypical controls, demonstrated lower recognition accuracy in the 1T condition but not in the 1T_tr or SSN condition. To examine the nature of the listening condition-specific speech perception deficit, we analyzed speech recognition errors. Errors as a result of interference from masker sentences were higher for individuals with MDD (vs. neurotypical controls) in the 1T condition. This depression-related listening condition-specific pattern in recognition errors was not observed for other error types. We posit that this depression-related listening condition-specific deficit in speech perception may be related to heightened distractibility due to linguistic interference from background talkers.

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, University of Maryland, Maryland, United States of America
            [2 ] Department of Linguistics and Cognitive Science, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, United States of America
            [3 ] Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America
            [4 ] Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America
            [5 ] Institute for Mental Health Research, Austin, Texas, United States of America
            [6 ] Department of Communication Science and Disorders, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
            University of Hull, UNITED KINGDOM
            Author notes

            Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

            Contributors
            ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6851-7554, Role: Conceptualization, Role: Data curation, Role: Formal analysis, Role: Investigation, Role: Methodology, Role: Visualization, Role: Writing – original draft, Role: Writing – review & editing
            Role: Formal analysis, Role: Methodology, Role: Software, Role: Writing – review & editing
            Role: Formal analysis, Role: Methodology, Role: Software, Role: Writing – review & editing
            Role: Conceptualization, Role: Data curation, Role: Formal analysis, Role: Funding acquisition, Role: Methodology, Role: Project administration, Role: Resources, Role: Supervision, Role: Writing – review & editing
            Role: Conceptualization, Role: Data curation, Role: Formal analysis, Role: Funding acquisition, Role: Methodology, Role: Resources, Role: Software, Role: Supervision, Role: Writing – original draft, Role: Writing – review & editing
            Role: Editor
            Journal
            PLoS One
            PLoS ONE
            plos
            plosone
            PLoS ONE
            Public Library of Science (San Francisco, CA USA )
            1932-6203
            15 August 2019
            2019
            : 14
            : 8
            31415624 6695097 10.1371/journal.pone.0220928 PONE-D-19-07245
            © 2019 Xie et al

            This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

            Counts
            Figures: 4, Tables: 2, Pages: 17
            Product
            Funding
            Funded by: funder-id http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000026, National Institute on Drug Abuse;
            Award ID: DA032457
            Award Recipient :
            Funded by: funder-id http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000055, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders;
            Award ID: R01DC013315
            Award Recipient :
            This work was supported by grant DA032457 to CGB from the National Institute on Drug Abuse ( https://www.drugabuse.gov/) and grant R01DC013315 to BC from National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders ( https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
            Categories
            Research Article
            Social Sciences
            Linguistics
            Speech
            Medicine and Health Sciences
            Mental Health and Psychiatry
            Mood Disorders
            Depression
            Social Sciences
            Linguistics
            Linguistic Morphology
            Social Sciences
            Linguistics
            Grammar
            Social Sciences
            Sociology
            Communications
            Social Communication
            Social Sciences
            Linguistics
            Neurolinguistics
            Biology and Life Sciences
            Neuroscience
            Neurolinguistics
            Engineering and Technology
            Signal Processing
            Speech Signal Processing
            Social Sciences
            Linguistics
            Cognitive Linguistics
            Word Recognition
            Custom metadata
            All relevant data are within the manuscript.

            Uncategorized

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