11
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Misión de Moxos Translated title: Jesuit Mission of Moxos

      research-article

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Este trabajo es sobre la Misión Jesuítica de Moxos -actual Bolivia -, una experiencia cultural y productiva llevada a cabo en los siglos XVII y XVIII, que se definió a partir de una compleja combinación de criterios productivos de organización del espacio, que entendían las reducciones como grandes establecimientos industriales y agropecuarios, y de esfuerzos de catequización de los nativos, para articular la cultura original con la metropolitana. Como consecuencia de una estrategia compleja y dinámica de ocupación global del territorio, se adoptaron y adaptaron criterios de la estética urbana y arquitectónica propios del barroco, como instrumento formal de ordenamiento y jerarquización del espacio, en sutil combinación con elementos característicos de la cultura material nativa. Si bien se reconoce implícitamente que las preocupaciones simbólico-religiosas se constituyen en el factor de organización fundamental en la definición espacial de las reducciones jesuitas en Suramérica, en este trabajo se identifica también la dimensión "productiva" de la arquitectura y el urbanismo misional. En definitiva, y reconociendo que el proyecto jesuítico era fundamentalmente movido por el deseo sincero de evangelizar a los nativos Moxo, se busca explicar cómo la combinación de la cultura mojeña con la estética y el espíritu barroco importado por los sacerdotes jesuitas definieron un mestizaje cuya materialidad contribuyó tanto a la propagación de la fe como a la producción agropecuaria y exportaciones hacia el mercado virreinal.

          Translated abstract

          This paper is about the Jesuit Mission of Moxos, currently located in Bolivia, a cultural and productive experience developed during the XVIIth and XVIIIth centuries that was being defined by means of a complex combination of productive criteria of spatial structuring which recognizes the reductions as large industrial, agricultural and cattle farming settlements, and by evangelization efforts among the Indians that seeked the synchronization of original and metropolitan cultures. As a consequence of a complex and dynamic strategy of territory possession, baroque urban and architectural aesthetics were adopted as instruments of spatial ordering and structuring, in a subtle mix with elements of the local material culture. Although symbolic and religious matters are implicitly identified as fundamental to the process of spatial definition in the Jesuit reductions in South America, in this paper also the "productive" dimension of the Mission architecture and urbanism, particularly concerning urban design, is recognized. At the end, recognizing that the Jesuit project was mainly moved by the sincere aspiration to Christianize the Moxos people, the paper intends to explain how the combination of the Moxos culture with the baroque spirit and aesthetics imported by the Jesuit priests produced a blending that contributed both to the propagation of faith and to the agricultural and cattle production, exportable to the Viceroyalty market.

          Related collections

          Most cited references54

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Arquitectura y urbanismo en Iberoamérica

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Book: not found

            Viaje a la América Meridional

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Book: not found

              Viaje a la América Meridional

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                apun
                Apuntes: Revista de Estudios sobre Patrimonio Cultural - Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
                Apuntes
                Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (Bogotá, Distrito Capital, Colombia )
                1657-9763
                June 2007
                : 20
                : 1
                : 70-91
                Affiliations
                [01] orgnameUniversidad San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca
                Article
                S1657-97632007000100005
                ba5d394f-05c6-4a21-a1d9-677eb8c13ea2

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 29 August 2007
                : 14 May 2007
                : 29 January 2007
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 46, Pages: 22
                Product

                SciELO Colombia


                Moxos-Mojos,orden jesuita,urbanismo barroco,arquitectura barroca,urbanismo misional,arquitectura maderera,reducciones jesuitas,misiones jesuíticas,America,Jesuits,Jesuit Order,Baroque Urbanism,Baroque Architecture,Mission Urbanism,Wooden Architecture,Jesuit Subduing,Jesuit Missions,América,Jesuitas

                Comments

                Comment on this article