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      Security-by-Experiment: Lessons from Responsible Deployment in Cyberspace

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          Abstract

          Conceiving new technologies as social experiments is a means to discuss responsible deployment of technologies that may have unknown and potentially harmful side-effects. Thus far, the uncertain outcomes addressed in the paradigm of new technologies as social experiments have been mostly safety-related, meaning that potential harm is caused by the design plus accidental events in the environment. In some domains, such as cyberspace, adversarial agents (attackers) may be at least as important when it comes to undesirable effects of deployed technologies. In such cases, conditions for responsible experimentation may need to be implemented differently, as attackers behave strategically rather than probabilistically. In this contribution, we outline how adversarial aspects are already taken into account in technology deployment in the field of cyber security, and what the paradigm of new technologies as social experiments can learn from this. In particular, we show the importance of adversarial roles in social experiments with new technologies.

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          Most cited references28

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          A Unified Framework for the Analysis of Side-Channel Key Recovery Attacks

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            Obedience to Authority. An Experimental View

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              Sunscreens with Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Nano-Particles: A Societal Experiment

              The risks of novel technologies, such as nano(bio)technology cannot be fully assessed due to the existing uncertainties surrounding their introduction into society. Consequently, the introduction of innovative technologies can be conceptualised as a societal experiment, which is a helpful approach to evaluate moral acceptability. This approach is illustrated with the marketing of sunscreens containing nano-sized titanium dioxide (TiO2) particles. We argue that the marketing of this TiO2 nanomaterial in UV protective cosmetics is ethically undesirable, since it violates four reasonable moral conditions for societal experimentation (absence of alternatives, controllability, limited informed consent, and continuing evaluation). To remedy the current way nano-sized TiO2 containing sunscreens are utilised, we suggest five complementing actions (closing the gap, setup monitoring tools, continuing review, designing for safety, and regulative improvements) so that its marketing can become more acceptable.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                +31 (0)15 27 88989 , w.pieters@tudelft.nl
                d.hadziosmanovic@tudelft.nl
                f.dechesne@tue.nl
                Journal
                Sci Eng Ethics
                Sci Eng Ethics
                Science and Engineering Ethics
                Springer Netherlands (Dordrecht )
                1353-3452
                1471-5546
                21 April 2015
                21 April 2015
                2016
                : 22
                : 831-850
                Affiliations
                [ ]Delft University of Technology, CyberSecurity@TUDelft, P.O. Box 5015, 2600 GA Delft, The Netherlands
                [ ]University of Twente, Services, Cybersecurity and Safety, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
                [ ]3TU.Ethics @ Eindhoven, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
                Article
                9648
                10.1007/s11948-015-9648-y
                4912578
                25896029
                ba66d396-598b-4a39-aee0-21025e7c4428
                © The Author(s) 2015

                Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

                History
                : 22 December 2014
                : 31 March 2015
                Categories
                Original Paper
                Custom metadata
                © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

                Ethics
                adversarial experiments,cyber security,empirical security,responsible experimentation,security-by-experiment,social experiments

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