+1 Recommend
1 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Immune and Endocrine Aspects of Social and Territorial Behavior in Male Rabbits

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          Although there have been some studies of the relation between behavior and mitogen-induced lymphocyte proliferation and immunoglobulin synthesis, few data are available about the effect of behavior on specific lymphokine production. In this study, we describe the effect of social and territorial behaviors on interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production by concanavalin A-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in pairs of socially naive male rabbits living in a seminatural open-air environment. We also assayed PBMC glucocorticoid receptors (GcRs) and plasma corticosterone (C). Three groups of behaviors were identified: agonistic (Mount and Follow), affiliative (Groom) and territorial (Mark and Dig). Mount was correlated with Follow, while Mark was correlated with Dig. Groom was correlated with all the other behaviors. Groom, Mark, Mount and Follow were all positively correlated with PBMC GcRs. Groom and PBMC GcRs were each negatively correlated with plasma C. The two rabbits in each pair could be distinguished in terms of territorial behavior, since one animal always had a higher score. The animals with the higher level of territorial behavior within the pairs exhibited a significant increase in IFN-γ production at the end of the experimental period. They also showed a positive correlation between the percentage variations of IFN-y production and PBMC GcRs. It is suggested that social factors, especially territorial behavior, affect adrenocortical activity and IFN-γ production.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          S. Karger AG
          20 November 1995
          : 2
          : 3
          : 155-160
          Institutes of a General Physiology and b Human Physiology, University of Siena, Italy
          96886 Neuroimmunomodulation 1995;2:155–160
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Original Paper


          Comment on this article