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      Branching, flowering and fruiting of Jatropha curcas treated with ethephon or benzyladenine and gibberellins

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          Abstract

          Jatropha curcas L. has been identified for biofuel production but it presents limited commercial yields due to limited branching and a lack of yield uniformity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of single application of ethephon or a combination of 6-benzyladenine (BA) with gibberellic acid isomers A4 and A7 (GA4+7) on branch induction, flowering and fruit production in jatropha plants with and without leaves. Plants with and without leaves showed differences for growth and reproductive variables. For all variables except inflorescence set, there were no significant statistical interactions between the presence of leaves and plant growth regulators concentration. The total number of flowers per inflorescence was reduced as ethephon concentration was increased. As BA + GA4 +7 concentration increased, seed dry weight increased. Thus, ethephon and BA + GA4 +7 applications appeared to affect flowering and seed production to a greater extent than branching. The inability to discern significant treatment effects for most variables might have been due to the large variability within plant populations studied and thus resulting in an insufficient sample size. Therefore, data collected from this study were used for statistical estimations of sample sizes to provide a reference for future studies.

          Translated abstract

          Jatropha curcas L. tem sido identificada para a produção de biocombustível, mas apresenta produção comercial restrita devido à limitada ramificação e à ausência de uniformidade na produção. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos de uma única aplicação de etefon ou da combinação de benziladenina (BA) com isômeros A4 e A7 do ácido giberélico (GA4+7) na indução de ramifica ções, florescimento e frutificação, em plantas de jatropha com e sem folhas. Plantas com e sem folhas mostraram diferenças para variáveis de crescimento e reprodutivas. Não houve interação significativa entre a presença de folhas e as concentrações de regulador de crescimento, exceto para a variável vingamento de inflorescência. O número total de flores por inflorescência diminuiu à medida que a concentração de etefon aumentou. O peso seco da semente aumentou com o aumento da concen tração de BA + GA4 +7 . Assim, aplicações de etefon e BA + GA4 +7 pareceram ter um efeito mais pronunciado na produção de flores e sementes do que na indução de ramos. A inabilidade de discernir os efeitos significativos dos tratamentos para a maioria das variáveis pode ter ocorrido devido à grande variabilidade existente nas populações de plantas estudadas, resultando em um tamanho da amostra insuficiente. Portanto, os dados coletados neste estudo foram utilizados para estimativas estatísticas de tamanhos de amostras para fornecer referências a estudos futuros.

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          Statistical procedures for agricultural research

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            A review of Jatropha curcas: an oil plant of unfulfilled promise

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              Benzyladenine Treatment Significantly Increases the Seed Yield of the Biofuel Plant Jatropha curcas

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                aabc
                Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
                An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc.
                Academia Brasileira de Ciências
                1678-2690
                June 2016
                : 88
                : 2
                : 989-998
                Affiliations
                [1 ] University of Florida United States
                [2 ] Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros Brazil
                [3 ] University of Florida United States
                Article
                S0001-37652016000300989
                10.1590/0001-3765201620140635
                ba8f27b2-e144-4a73-a691-f0c0e0d92c6d

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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                Product Information: website
                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0001-3765&lng=en
                Categories
                MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

                ethephon,flowering,fruiting,jatropha,BA + GA4 + 7,ramificação,etefon,flo rescimento,frutificação,branching

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