Tuberculosis is a kind of serious respiratory infectious disease that spreads widely around the world. Special communities, such as school pupils and staff, have higher risk than other people. The concentration of school students and the large population density can cause an outbreak to spread. The occurrence of school tuberculosis is mainly related to the low immunity of students, delay treatment, large population density, gender, age, awareness rate and other factors. In order to detect the source of infection as early as possible and reduce the spread of tuberculosis in schools, using reasonable methods to screen close contacts is important. It is necessary to make clear the responsibilities and priorities of each institution in the prevention and control of tuberculosis in schools, so as to do a good job in prevention and control and reduce the occurrence of tuberculosis epidemic in schools.
摘要： 结核病是一种严重的呼吸系统传染性疾病, 在世界范围内广泛传播。某些特殊群体结核病发病风险较高, 如学校学生及相关工作人员。学校学生聚集, 人口密度大, 有利于疾病的传播与扩散, 导致聚集性疫情的发生。学校 结核病疫情的出现主要与学生免疫力低、就诊延误现象、人口密度大、性别、年龄、知晓率等因素有关。为了尽早发现 传染源, 减少结核病在校园内的传播, 使用合理的方法对密切接触者进行筛查极为重要。应明确各机构在学校结核病 防控工作中的职责与重点, 共同做好防控工作, 减少学校结核病疫情的发生。