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      Demystifying cognitive flexibility: Implications for clinical and developmental neuroscience

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          Abstract

          Cognitive flexibility, the readiness with which one can selectively switch between mental processes to generate appropriate behavioral responses, develops in a protracted manner and is compromised in several prevalent neurodevelopmental disorders. It is unclear whether cognitive flexibility arises from neural substrates distinct from the executive control network, or from the interplay of nodes within this and other networks. Here we review neuroimaging studies of cognitive flexibility, focusing on set shifting and task switching. We propose that more consistent operationalization and study of cognitive flexibility is required in clinical and developmental neuroscience. We suggest that an important avenue for future research is the characterization of the relationship between neural flexibility and cognitive flexibility in typical and atypical development.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          7808616
          7840
          Trends Neurosci
          Trends Neurosci.
          Trends in neurosciences
          0166-2236
          1878-108X
          22 July 2015
          September 2015
          03 May 2017
          : 38
          : 9
          : 571-578
          Affiliations
          [1 ]Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables FL
          [2 ]Neuroscience Program, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL
          Author notes
          Correspondence should be addressed to: Lucina Q. Uddin, Ph.D. University of Miami, P.O. Box 248185-0751, Coral Gables, FL 33124, l.uddin@ 123456miami.edu , Phone: 305-284-3265
          Article
          PMC5414037 PMC5414037 5414037 nihpa709425
          10.1016/j.tins.2015.07.003
          5414037
          26343956
          baba42db-f139-4dd9-b444-43c2013860b1
          History
          Categories
          Article

          autism,dynamic functional connectivity,brain network,attention,inhibition,executive function

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