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      Specificity of Cardiac Troponin I and Creatine Kinase-MB Isoenzyme in Asymptomatic Long-Term Hemodialysis Patients and Effect of Hemodialysis on These Cardiac Markers

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          Abstract

          Objectives: The objectives of this study were: (1) to evaluate the specificity of cardiac troponin I and creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme in ambulatory asymptomatic chronic renal failure patients on long-term hemodialysis, and (2) to evaluate the effect of hemodialysis on the serum levels of cardiac troponin I and creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme. Methods: One hundred and forty-four consecutive ambulatory asymptomatic chronic renal failure patients on hemodialysis for a minimum of 1 year were evaluated clinically. Serum cardiac troponin I and creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme levels were measured with specific monoclonal antibodies before and after dialysis using ACCESS Troponin I and ACCESS CK-MB assays. Results: The specificity of serum cardiac troponin I was 83% with a cutoff level of 0.03 ng/ml, which is an expected level for healthy population, but it rose to 100% with a cutoff level of 0.15 ng/ml, which is a reference level for patients with acute myocardial infarction. Twenty-four (17%) patients had borderline elevation in cardiac troponin I (>0.03 to <0.15 ng/ml). A history of angina pectoris was more common in the borderline-elevated cardiac troponin I subgroup. In 28% of the patients, serum creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme levels were increased with a specificity of 72% at a cutoff level of 4 ng/ml, which is the upper limit of normal, but the specificity rose to 98% by increasing the cutoff level value to 10 ng/ml. There were no statistically significant differences in serum levels of cardiac troponin I and creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme before and after dialysis. Conclusions: Cardiac troponin I is highly specific in ambulatory asymptomatic chronic renal failure patients on long-term hemodialysis; borderline elevations in cardiac troponin I may represent microinjury to the myocardium. A serum level of creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme >2.5 times of the normal upper limit may be highly specific in this patient population. Hemodialysis per se does not significantly change the serum levels of cardiac troponin I and creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme.

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          Most cited references 5

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          Developmental expression of troponin I isoforms in fetal human heart.

          We have used antibodies specific for troponin I proteins to examine human cardiac development and have detected a transiently expressed developmental isoform. This isoform is distinct from adult cardiac troponin I (TnIc) but is indistinguishable, on the basis of electrophoretic mobility and antibody reactivity, from the isoform found in slow skeletal muscle (TnIs). Furthermore, we show that mRNA for TnIs is present in fetal, but not adult, heart. Analysis of a developmental series of fetal samples indicates that there is a transition in expression from TnIs to TnIc which occurs between 20 weeks fetal and 9 months postnatal development.
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            Evaluation of creatine kinase and creatine kinase-MB for diagnosing myocardial infarction. Clinical impact in the emergency room

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              Clinical Application of Two Novel Rapid Bedside Tests for the Detection of Cardiac Troponin T and Creatine Kinase-MB Mass/Myoglobin in Whole Blood in Acute Myocardial Infarction

              The objective of this study was to determine whether two novel rapid bedside assays for whole-blood detection of cardiac troponin T and creatine kinase (CK)-MB mass/myoglobin could rule out or rule in acute myocardial infarction in patients with acute chest pain. Ninety-two patients with chest pain <12 h prior to admission were investigated. No difference in the cumulative sensitivity of the TropT test and the CARDIAC STATus test (CK-MB mass and myoglobin in combination) was found 6 h after admission (94 vs. 97%). The cumulative positive predictive value of the TropT test and CARDIAC STATus test 6 h after admission was 97 and 76%, respectively. The negative predictive value was 97% for the TropT test and 98% for the CARDIAC STATus test at this time point. Our data show that the rapid assays provide diagnostic as well as prognostic information shortly after admission.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                1998
                March 1999
                22 March 1999
                : 90
                : 4
                : 280-285
                Affiliations
                Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Long Island College Hospital, Brooklyn, N.Y., USA
                Article
                6859 Cardiology 1998;90:280–285
                10.1159/000006859
                10085490
                © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Tables: 5, References: 34, Pages: 6
                Categories
                Coronary Care

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