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      Ability of polymorphonuclear leukocytes to orient in gradients of chemotactic factors

      The Journal of Cell Biology

      The Rockefeller University Press

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          Abstract

          Polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) chemotaxis has been examined under conditions which allow phase microscope observations of cells responding to controlled gradients of chemotactic factors. With this visual assay, PMNs can be seen to orient rapidly and reversibly to gradients of N-formylmethionyl peptides. The level of orientation depends upon the mean concentration of peptide present as well as the concentration gradient. The response allows an estimation of the binding constant of the peptide to the cell. In optimal gradients, PMNs can detect a 1% difference in the concentration of peptide. At high cell densities, PMNs incubated with active peptides orient their locomotion away from the center of the cell population. This orientation appears to be due to inactivation of the peptides by the cells. Such inactivation in vivo could help to limit an inflammatory response.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Cell Biol
          The Journal of Cell Biology
          The Rockefeller University Press
          0021-9525
          1540-8140
          1 November 1977
          : 75
          : 2
          : 606-616
          Article
          87137947
          2109936
          264125
          Categories
          Articles

          Cell biology

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