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      Coping With the COVID-19 Pandemic: Examining Gender Differences in Stress and Mental Health Among University Students


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          The COVID-19 pandemic has imposed a wide variety of unprecedented challenges, many of which appear to be disproportionately affecting the mental health and well-being of young adults. While there is evidence to suggest university students experience high rates of mental health disorders, less is known about the specific impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on student mental health and how they are coping with this stress. To address this gap, we conducted an online study among undergraduate students ( n = 366) to examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on academics, social isolation, and mental health, as well as the extent to which they have been implementing a variety of coping strategies. The pandemic had a more pronounced negative effect on female students' academics, social isolation, stress and mental health compared to male counterparts. Moreover, for females, frequent use of social media as a coping mechanism was associated with greater perceived negative impacts on their academic performance and stress levels, compared to males. However, frequent social media use related to similar negative mental health effects for both males and females. While male and female students both reported using substances to cope, for males the use of cannabis was associated with greater negative impacts on academic outcomes, stress and mental health compared to females. These findings highlight the need for adequate student support services across the post-secondary sector, and point to the importance of gender informed interventions to address the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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          Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health in the General Population: A Systematic Review

          Highlights • The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in unprecedented hazards to mental health globally. • Relatively high rates of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, psychological distress, and stress were reported in the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic in eight countries. • Common risk factors associated with mental distress during the COVID-19 pandemic include female gender, younger age group (≤40 years), presence of chronic/psychiatric illnesses, unemployment, student status, and frequent exposure to social media/news concerning COVID-19. • Mitigation of COVID-19 induced psychological distress requires government intervention and individual efforts.
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            The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China

            Highlights • Methods of guiding students to effectively and appropriately regulate their emotions during public health emergencies and avoid losses caused by crisis events have become an urgent problem for colleges and universities. Therefore, we investigated and analyzed the mental health status of college students during the epidemic for the following purposes. (1) To evaluate the mental situation of college students during the epidemic; (2) to provide a theoretical basis for psychological interventions with college students; and (3) to provide a basis for the promulgation of national and governmental policies.
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              Mental Health and the Covid-19 Pandemic


                Author and article information

                Front Psychiatry
                Front Psychiatry
                Front. Psychiatry
                Frontiers in Psychiatry
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                07 April 2021
                07 April 2021
                : 12
                : 650759
                [1] 1Department of Neuroscience, Carleton University , Ottawa, ON, Canada
                [2] 2University of Ottawa Institute of Mental Health Research , Ottawa, ON, Canada
                [3] 3School of Psychology, University of Ottawa , Ottawa, ON, Canada
                Author notes

                Edited by: Ylva Svensson, University West, Sweden

                Reviewed by: Sabina Kapetanovic, University West, Sweden; Karin Asberg, Western Carolina University, United States

                *Correspondence: Robyn J. McQuaid robynmcquaid@ 123456cunet.carleton.ca

                This article was submitted to Public Mental Health, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychiatry

                †These authors have contributed equally to this work and share first authorship

                Copyright © 2021 Prowse, Sherratt, Abizaid, Gabrys, Hellemans, Patterson and McQuaid.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                : 08 January 2021
                : 11 March 2021
                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 3, Equations: 0, References: 76, Pages: 11, Words: 9147
                Original Research

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                coping,covid-19,emerging adults,mental health,university students,stress


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