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      Sex Chromosomes Do Not Influence Renal Injury in Borderline Hypertensive Rats

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Proteinuria, Borderline hypertensive rat, Glomerulosclerosis, Nitric oxide, Hypertension

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          Abstract

          The present study was undertaken to investigate whether the development of proteinuria in the borderline hypertensive rat (BHR) is influenced by the Y chromosome and to determine if the onset of proteinuria in the BHR is delayed when blood pressure is lowered with enalapril, an angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitor. Male Fι, rats were the first-generation offspring of the mating of spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) females and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) males and the mating of SHR males and WKY females. At 20 weeks of age, enalapril (125 mg/l) was added to the drinking water. Untreated BHR and enalapril-treated BHR (BHRE) were followed to 90-100 weeks of age. Urine was collected every 10-20 weeks for determination of protein, albumin, and nitric oxide (NO2/NO3) metabolite excretion. Indirect blood pressure in BHR from both crosses was approximately 175 mm Hg from 20 to 90-100 weeks of age. Enalapril lowered blood pressure by about 30 mm Hg, but was ineffective in reducing urinary protein or albumin excretion rates at any age. Urinary excretion of nitric oxide metabolites was similar in all groups at all time periods. There were significant differences in the percent of glomerulosclerosis between the two matings. Based on these results, renal injury in the BHR is not associated with the Y chromosome and can be dissociated from hypertension. Further studies using congenic and transgenic technology will be necessary to identify functions of genes and associations with hypertension in order to understand the kidney disease in this model of hypertension.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1996
          1996
          19 December 2008
          : 73
          : 4
          : 664-669
          Article
          189155 Nephron 1996;73:664–669
          10.1159/000189155
          8856266
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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