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      Urban Archaeology: A New Agenda - Editorial

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      Journal of Urban Archaeology

      Brepols Publishers

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          Airborne LiDAR, archaeology, and the ancient Maya landscape at Caracol, Belize

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            The Nature of Cities: The Scope and Limits of Urban Theory

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              Uncovering archaeological landscapes at Angkor using lidar.

              Previous archaeological mapping work on the successive medieval capitals of the Khmer Empire located at Angkor, in northwest Cambodia (∼9th to 15th centuries in the Common Era, C.E.), has identified it as the largest settlement complex of the preindustrial world, and yet crucial areas have remained unmapped, in particular the ceremonial centers and their surroundings, where dense forest obscures the traces of the civilization that typically remain in evidence in surface topography. Here we describe the use of airborne laser scanning (lidar) technology to create high-precision digital elevation models of the ground surface beneath the vegetation cover. We identify an entire, previously undocumented, formally planned urban landscape into which the major temples such as Angkor Wat were integrated. Beyond these newly identified urban landscapes, the lidar data reveal anthropogenic changes to the landscape on a vast scale and lend further weight to an emerging consensus that infrastructural complexity, unsustainable modes of subsistence, and climate variation were crucial factors in the decline of the classical Khmer civilization.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jua
                jua
                Journal of Urban Archaeology
                Brepols Publishers (Turnhout, Belgium )
                2736-2426
                2736-2434
                January 2020
                : 1
                : 9-13
                Article
                10.1484/J.JUA.5.120906

                Open-access

                Product
                Self URI (journal page): https://www.urbanarchaeology.net/

                Urban studies, Archaeology, History

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