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      Protective immune response in BALB/c mice induced by DNA vaccine of the ROP8 gene of Toxoplasma gondii.

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          Abstract

          Toxoplasmosis in humans and other animals is caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. During the process of host cell invasion and parasitophorous vacuole formation by the tachyzoites, the parasite secretes Rhoptry protein 8 (ROP8), an apical secretory organelle. Thus, ROP8 is an important protein for the pathogenesis of T. gondii. The ROP8 DNA was constructed into a pVAX-1 vaccine vector and used for immunizing BALB/c mice. Immunized mice developed immune response characterized by significant antibody responses, antigen-specific proliferation of spleen cells, and production of high levels of IFN-γ (816 ± 26.3 pg/mL). Challenge experiments showed significant levels of increase in the survival period (29 days compared with 9 days in control) in ROP8 DNA vaccinated mice after a lethal challenge with T. gondii. Results presented in this study suggest that ROP8 DNA is a promising and potential vaccine candidate against toxoplasmosis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.
          The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
          1476-1645
          0002-9637
          May 2013
          : 88
          : 5
          Affiliations
          [1 ] TIDREC, Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. parthawillbe@gmail.com
          ajtmh.12-0727
          10.4269/ajtmh.12-0727
          3752752
          23509124

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