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      Localisations cellulaires des peptides dérivés de la pro-opiocortine dans I’adénohypophyse humaine normale et dans les tumeurs de la maladie de Cushing

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      Hormone Research in Paediatrics

      S. Karger AG

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          Abstract

          As early as 1932, basophil cells have been considered to be involved in the corticotropic and melanotropic functions due to their proliferation during Cushing’s disease. Later on, opposite opinions were held and other cells suggested to be implied in the tumor process: chromophobe, acidophil or even follicular cells. Moreover, new categories of basophil cells have been evidenced through sophisticated staining methods, in animal and human pituitaries. At the same time, the prevalent dogma ‘one hormone-one cell’ raised the problem of the search for both a corticotroph and a melanotroph in the human pituitary, which is devoid of an intermediate lobe. Since 1960, immunocytochemistry became a reliable method and simultaneously new peptides have been found. However, these peptides share common sequences of amino acids, thus raising questions as to the specificity of the antisera. Most authors mention the reaction to the basophil cells previously considered as melanotrophs and called β or R [here β(R)]. These large rounded cells, showing red granules after Alcian blue-PAS staining, are mostly located in the median area of the anterior lobe, in the cystiform zone and in cell cords invading the neural lobe. In the fetal pituitary, reactivity is observed either in some differentiated β(R) cells or, earlier, in chromophobe cells.The question is now raised whether one cell may contain several peptides and, in this case, whether the different peptides are carried by the same granule. Technical procedures using numerous antisera on serial sections have shown associations at the level of a given cell (and of a given granule under the electron microscope). However, dissociations are also to be noticed, as far as ACTH and β-MSH (adult) and more particularly α-MSH (adult and fetus) are concerned.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          10.1159/issn.0018-5051
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-3410-9
          978-3-318-02126-4
          0018-5051
          2571-6603
          1980
          1980
          25 November 2008
          : 13
          : 4-5
          : 211-229
          Affiliations
          Laboratoire d’Histologie-Embryologie, Faculté de Médecine Pitié-Salpêtrière et CNRS ERA 484, Inserm FRA 33, Paris, et Inra, Centre de recherche de Nouzilly, France
          Article
          179291 Horm Res 1980;13:211–229
          10.1159/000179291
          © 1980 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 19
          Categories
          Lipo-Corticotropic Hormones and Cushing’s Disease

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