Neuropathic pain in cancer patients remain a treatment challenge. Many of the anticancer drugs have to be abandoned because patients develop neuropathic pain. Several antiepileptic drugs like carbamazepine, phenytoin, lamotrigine, felbamate are effective in neuropathic pain and trigeminal neuralgia. However, their efficacy varies.
The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of antiepileptic drugs in neuropathic pain induced by anticancer drugs.
Neuropathic pain was induced in rats by injecting 4 doses of paclitaxel. The rats were divided into four groups of six animals each. Group I was treated with oral carbamazepine (cbz) 100 mg/kg, group II received oral gabapentin (gbp) 60 mg/kg, and group III was treated with oral lamotrigine (lam) 40 mg/kg and group IV was the control group. Behavioural testing for thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical hyperalgesia was assessed from 26 th day of paclitaxel administration to next five days by hot plate method and Randall Siletto test, respectively, in all the four groups. One way analysis of variance followed by Scheffe's post hoc test was used for statistical analysis.
In thermal hyperalgesia lam treated group was found to be significantly ( P < 0.001) superior to cbz and gbp treated group. In mechanical hyperalgesia, lam group showed significant response ( P < 0.05) as compared to gbp group. However, the gbp treated group showed a significant ( P < 0.01) improvement after three days of treatment.