Systemic anaphylaxis accompanies pulmonary vasoconstriction and bronchoconstriction, which may contribute to increased right heart afterload, and finally anaphylactic hypotension. However, the pulmonary response to anaphylaxis is not known in mice. We determined the pulmonary vascular and bronchial response to systemic anaphylaxis in anesthetized BALB/c mice. We also clarified the roles of β-adrenoceptors, nitric oxide, and cyclooxygenase metabolites in these responses. Anaphylaxis was induced by an intravenous injection of the ovalbumin antigen into open-chest artificially ventilated sensitized mice. Mean arterial pressure, systolic pulmonary arterial pressure, central venous pressure, airway pressure, and aortic blood flow were continuously measured. In sensitized control mice, mean arterial pressure, and aortic blood flow substantially decreased soon after the antigen injection, while systolic pulmonary arterial pressure and airway pressure did not increase. In contrast, in mice pretreated with either the β(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist ICI 118,551 (0.2 mg/kg; n = 6), or L-NAME (50 mg/kg; n = 6), but not with the β(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist atenolol (2 mg/kg; n = 6) or indomethacin (5 mg/kg; n = 6), systolic pulmonary arterial pressure increased by 7 mmHg at 1.5 min after antigen. In L-NAME pretreated mice, pulmonary hypertension was sustained over 30 min of the experimental period. Airway pressure did not significantly change after antigen in any mice studied. In conclusion, pulmonary response to systemic anaphylaxis does not increase the right heart afterload and, therefore, may not contribute to the initial decrease in venous return and anaphylactic hypotension in anesthetized mice. β(2)-adrenoceptor activation and nitric oxide, but not β(1)-adrenoceptor activation or cyclooxygenase metabolites, attenuate the antigen-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction.