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cDNA-derived sequence of chicken embryo vinculin.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Vinculin, Protein Conformation, genetics, Muscle Proteins, Molecular Sequence Data, DNA, Cloning, Molecular, Chick Embryo, Base Sequence, Animals, analysis, Amino Acids, Amino Acid Sequence

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      We report the complete primary structure of chicken embryo vinculin. The amino acid sequence was derived from the nucleotide sequence of five overlapping cDNA clones isolated from a lambda gt11 phage library. Chicken embryo vinculin contains 1066 amino acids, has a calculated Mr of 116,990, a calculated pI of 5.9, and a hydropathy index of -4.22. A search of the National Biomedical Research Foundation protein sequence data base found no proteins with significant homology to vinculin. A striking feature of the linear sequence is a proline-rich region extending between residues 837 and 879. This region contains 45% proline and 19% aspartic plus glutamic acids; it is also the longest hydrophilic stretch in the molecule. The proline-rich region separates an amino-terminal domain with a calculated pI of 5.4 from a carboxyl-terminal domain with a calculated pI of 9.7. This feature suggests a structural basis for the specific interaction of vinculin with acidic phospholipids and a mechanism for the shuttling of vinculin between cytoplasm and membrane-associated junctional plaque.

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