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      Always on My Mind? Recognition of Attractive Faces May Not Depend on Attention

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          Abstract

          Little research has examined what happens to attention and memory as a whole when humans see someone attractive. Hence, we investigated whether attractive stimuli gather more attention and are better remembered than unattractive stimuli. Participants took part in an attention task – in which matrices containing attractive and unattractive male naturalistic photographs were presented to 54 females, and measures of eye-gaze location and fixation duration using an eye-tracker were taken – followed by a recognition task. Eye-gaze was higher for the attractive stimuli compared to unattractive stimuli. Also, attractive photographs produced more hits and false recognitions than unattractive photographs which may indicate that regardless of attention allocation, attractive photographs produce more correct but also more false recognitions. We present an evolutionary explanation for this, as attending to more attractive faces but not always remembering them accurately and differentially compared with unseen attractive faces, may help females secure mates with higher reproductive value.

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          Most cited references 59

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          The shaping of modern human immune systems by multiregional admixture with archaic humans.

          Whole genome comparisons identified introgression from archaic to modern humans. Our analysis of highly polymorphic human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I, vital immune system components subject to strong balancing selection, shows how modern humans acquired the HLA-B*73 allele in west Asia through admixture with archaic humans called Denisovans, a likely sister group to the Neandertals. Virtual genotyping of Denisovan and Neandertal genomes identified archaic HLA haplotypes carrying functionally distinctive alleles that have introgressed into modern Eurasian and Oceanian populations. These alleles, of which several encode unique or strong ligands for natural killer cell receptors, now represent more than half the HLA alleles of modern Eurasians and also appear to have been later introduced into Africans. Thus, adaptive introgression of archaic alleles has significantly shaped modern human immune systems.
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            Beautiful but dangerous: Effects of offender attractiveness and nature of the crime on juridic judgment.

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              Can't take my eyes off you: Attentional adhesion to mates and rivals.

              In 3 experiments, mating primes interacted with functionally relevant individual differences to guide basic, lower order social perception. A visual cuing method assessed biases in attentional adhesion--a tendency to have one's attention captured by particular social stimuli. Mate-search primes increased attentional adhesion to physically attractive members of the opposite sex (potential mates) among participants with an unrestricted sociosexual orientation but not among sexually restricted participants (Studies 1 and 2). A mate-guarding prime increased attentional adhesion to physically attractive members of one's own sex (potential rivals) among participants who were concerned with threats posed by intrasexual competitors but not among those less concerned about such threats (Study 3). Findings are consistent with a functionalist approach to motivation and social cognition and highlight the utility of integrating evolutionary and social cognitive perspectives. (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                1664-1078
                29 January 2016
                2016
                : 7
                Affiliations
                1Human Cognition Laboratory, Department of Basic Psychology, School of Psychology, University of Minho Braga, Portugal
                2Department of Physics, School of Sciences, University of Minho Braga, Portugal
                Author notes

                Edited by: Steffen Landgraf, Universität Regensburg, Germany

                Reviewed by: Norman Li, Singapore Management University, Singapore; Yanjie Su, Peking University, China

                *Correspondence: Joana Arantes, joana.arantes@ 123456psi.uminho.pt

                This article was submitted to Evolutionary Psychology and Neuroscience, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Article
                10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00053
                4731522
                26858683
                Copyright © 2016 Silva, Macedo, Albuquerque and Arantes.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                Page count
                Figures: 8, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 76, Pages: 14, Words: 0
                Funding
                Funded by: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia 10.13039/501100001871
                Categories
                Psychology
                Original Research

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