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      Climate change and distribution shifts in marine fishes.

      Science (New York, N.Y.)

      Body Size, Climate, Ecosystem, Environment, Fisheries, Fishes, anatomy & histology, Time Factors, growth & development, North Sea, Population Density, Population Dynamics, Seawater, Temperature, Animals

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          Abstract

          We show that the distributions of both exploited and nonexploited North Sea fishes have responded markedly to recent increases in sea temperature, with nearly two-thirds of species shifting in mean latitude or depth or both over 25 years. For species with northerly or southerly range margins in the North Sea, half have shown boundary shifts with warming, and all but one shifted northward. Species with shifting distributions have faster life cycles and smaller body sizes than nonshifting species. Further temperature rises are likely to have profound impacts on commercial fisheries through continued shifts in distribution and alterations in community interactions.

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          Journal
          15890845
          10.1126/science.1111322

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