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      Using a lactation room at the workplace is associated with longer breastfeeding duration in working mothers Translated title: El uso de una sala de lactancia en el lugar de trabajo se asocia a una mayor duración de la lactancia en las madres trabajadoras

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          Abstract

          Abstract Introduction: maternal employment after childbirth is associated with abandonment of breastfeeding; however, lactation rooms in the workplace increase the practice of breastfeeding. Objective: to compare the frequency and duration of breastfeeding among working mothers based on the presence of lactation rooms in their workplaces. Methods: we included mothers from different institutions whose infants were between 6 and 35 months (n = 158), and an ad hoc questionnaire was applied to assess breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), partial breastfeeding (PBF), and use of human milk substitutes (HMS). Two groups were compared: working mothers with a lactation room at their workplace (n = 76) versus working mothers without this resource (n = 82). Results: breastfeeding duration (7.5 vs. 5.0 months, p < 0.001) and EBF (3.0 vs. 1.2 months, p = 0.005) were higher in mothers who had a lactation room. HMS use was shorter in mothers who had a lactation room (2.5 vs. 10.0 months, p = 0.001). There were more working mothers who breastfed for more than six months (75.0 % vs. 48.8 %) [OR = 3.15 (95 % CI, 1.60-6.19), p = 0.001] and 12 months (31.6 % vs. 14.6 %) [OR = 2.69 (95 % CI, 1.23-5.87), p = 0.014] when lactation rooms were available in their workplaces. Conclusion: the presence of a lactation room in the workplace was associated with a higher frequency and duration of breastfeeding.

          Translated abstract

          Resumen Introducción: el empleo materno después del parto se asocia con el abandono de la lactancia materna, mientras que las salas de lactancia en el lugar de trabajo aumentan la práctica de la lactancia. Objetivo: comparar la frecuencia y duración de la lactancia materna entre madres trabajadoras en función de la presencia o no de salas de lactancia en sus lugares de trabajo. Métodos: incluimos madres de diferentes instituciones cuyos bebés tenían entre 6 y 35 meses (n = 158) y se aplicó un cuestionario ad hoc para evaluar la lactancia materna, la lactancia materna exclusiva (LME), la lactancia materna parcial (LMP) y el uso de sucedáneos de la leche humana (SLH). Se compararon dos grupos: madres trabajadoras con una sala de lactancia en su lugar de trabajo (n = 76) y madres trabajadoras sin este recurso (n = 82). Resultados: la duración de la lactancia (7,5 vs. 5,0 meses, p < 0,001) y LME (3,0 vs. 1,2 meses, p = 0,005) fueron mayores en las madres que tenían sala de lactancia. El uso de SLH fue más corto en las madres que tenían sala de lactancia (2,5 vs. 10,0 meses, p = 0,001). Hubo más madres trabajadoras que amamantaron más de seis meses (75,0 % vs. 48,8 %) [OR = 3,15 (IC 95 %: 1,60-6,19), p = 0,001] y 12 meses (31,6 % vs. 14,6 %) [OR = 2,69 (IC 95 %: 1,23-5,87), p = 0,014] cuando había salas de lactancia disponibles en sus lugares de trabajo. Conclusión: la presencia de una sala de lactancia en el lugar de trabajo se asoció a una mayor frecuencia y duración de la lactancia materna.

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          Principles for maintaining or increasing breast milk production.

          Breastfeeding rates in many developed countries remain low, and maternal perception of insufficient milk production is a major contributing factor. Mothers with a perception of insufficient milk should be advised that normal breastfeeding frequencies, suckling times, and amounts are very variable. If objective assessment confirms insufficient milk production, mothers should ensure optimal milk removal frequency and thorough breast drainage. In addition, galactogogues can be prescribed. Understanding physiological principles underlying milk production will help clinicians reassure and assist mothers.
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            Impact of a breastfeeding-friendly workplace on an employed mother's intention to continue breastfeeding after returning to work.

            Ever-increasing populations of women in their childbearing years are choosing to become employed. Breastfeeding provides unique health advantages to both the infant and mother. A breastfeeding-friendly workplace might be an important factor for predicting breastfeeding rates among working women. To explore the impact of breastfeeding-friendly support on the intention of working mothers to continue breastfeeding, we conducted a survey at a female labor-intensive electronics manufacturer in Taiwan.
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              Variables associated with breastfeeding duration.

              To identify the variables associated with breastfeeding duration. The health science reference databases of CINAHL, PubMed, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Meta-analyses, Cochrane reviews, literature reviews, and quantitative and qualitative studies published in English from 1998 through 2008. Data included all variables, both positive and negative, that were found to influence the outcome of breastfeeding duration. Demographic factors that influence breastfeeding duration are race, age, marital status, education, socioeconomics, and Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children status. Biological variables consisted of insufficient milk supply, infant health problems, maternal obesity, and the physical challenges of breastfeeding, maternal smoking, parity, and method of delivery. Social variables included paid work, family support, and professional support. Maternal intention, interest, and confidence in breastfeeding were psychological variables. Human lactation is a complex phenomena and the duration of breastfeeding is influenced by many demographic, physical, social, and psychological variables.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                nh
                Nutrición Hospitalaria
                Nutr. Hosp.
                Grupo Arán (Madrid, Madrid, Spain )
                0212-1611
                1699-5198
                October 2020
                : 37
                : 5
                : 918-925
                Affiliations
                [1] Guadalajara orgnameUniversidad de Guadalajara orgdiv1Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud orgdiv2Instituto de Nutrición Humana Mexico
                [2] Autlán de Navarro orgnameUniversidad de Guadalajara orgdiv1Centro Universitario de la Costa Sur Mexico
                Article
                S0212-16112020000700006 S0212-1611(20)03700500006
                10.20960/nh.03242
                bcee4625-1b12-402f-af7b-2d55ba2db323

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 27, Pages: 8
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                Original Papers

                Lactation room,Madres trabajadoras,Sala de lactancia,Breastfeeding,Lactancia materna,Lugar de trabajo,Workplace,Working mothers

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