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      Significance of plant sulfite oxidase.

      Plant Biology (Stuttgart, Germany)
      Molybdenum, metabolism, Oxidation-Reduction, Plants, enzymology, Sulfite Oxidase, Sulfur

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          Abstract

          Sulfite oxidizing activities are known since years in animals, microorganisms, and also plants. Among plants, the only enzyme well characterized on molecular and biochemical level is the molybdoenzyme sulfite oxidase (SO). It oxidizes sulfite using molecular oxygen as electron acceptor, leading to the production of sulfate and hydrogen peroxide. The latter reaction product seems to be the reason why plant SO is localized in peroxisomes, because peroxisomal catalase is able to decompose hydrogen peroxide. On the other hand, we have indications for an additional reaction taking place in peroxisomes: sulfite can be nonenzymatically oxidized by hydrogen peroxide. This will promote the detoxification of hydrogen peroxide especially in the case of high amounts of sulfite. Hence we assume that SO could possibly serve as "safety valve" for detoxifying excess amounts of sulfite and protecting the cell from sulfitolysis. Supportive evidence for this assumption comes from experiments where we fumigated transgenic poplar plants overexpressing ARABIDOPSIS SO with SO(2) gas. In this paper, we try to explain sulfite oxidation in its co-regulation with sulfate assimilation and summarize other sulfite oxidizing activities described in plants. Finally we discuss the importance of sulfite detoxification in plants.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          17853359
          10.1055/s-2007-965433

          Chemistry
          Molybdenum,metabolism,Oxidation-Reduction,Plants,enzymology,Sulfite Oxidase,Sulfur
          Chemistry
          Molybdenum, metabolism, Oxidation-Reduction, Plants, enzymology, Sulfite Oxidase, Sulfur

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