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      Leukemia in Growth-Hormone Treated Patients: An Update, 1992

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          Since 1988 the number of growth hormone (GH)-treated patients has markedly increased worldwide. To date, leukemia has been observed in 31 patients during or following GH therapy and related malignancies in 2 further patients. Leukemia occurred in 10 patients in Japan, 10 in the USA, and 10 in Europe, and in 1 patient in Canada. In 29 patients GH therapy had been started in 1975 or later. The onset of leukemia was 1984 or later in 28 patients with a mean time between the start of GH therapy and leukemia onset of 5.0 (0.2-18.8) years. Patients had received both pituitary and recombinant GH in moderate doses. In 15 patients a definite additional leukemia risk was evident: Fanconi anemia in 2, myelodysplastic syndrome in 1, Bloom’s syndrome in 1, radiation for brain tumor (+ chemotherapy) in 9, chemotherapy in 2. The leukemic patients without a strong additional risk do not represent a definitely higher leukemia incidence worldwide, except for Japan where the occurrence is higher than expected.

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          Author and article information

          Horm Res Paediatr
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          03 December 2008
          : 38
          : Suppl 1
          : 56-62
          Department of Pediatrics, University Clinic, Hamburg, FRG
          182571 Horm Res 1992;38:56–62
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          The Third hGH Symposium Sorrento 1992


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