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      Efficiency in the use of phosphorus by common bean genotypes

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          Abstract

          Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is frequently grown in weathered soils with low phosphorus (P) availability, and this is one of the main limitations on its production. This study aimed to assess 20 common bean genotypes in a hydroponic system to select the best P concentration for inducing nutritional deficiency and to classify the genotypes in terms of nutrient utilization efficiency. The concentrations of P applied were 8.00, 4.00, 2.00 and 0.05 mg L¹. At 21 days, in the plot subjected to an application of the most severe stress, the 0.05 mg L¹ dose of P, had smaller plant size and early leaf abscission was observed. The 4.00 mg L¹ dose of P was the most efficient in inducing stress for discrimination of cultivars in terms of efficiency of use of P. The following genotypes: IAPAR 81, Carioca Comum, IAC Carioca Tybatã, IAC Imperador and G 2333 stood out as being efficient and responsive to P, while the two cultivars DOR 364 and Jalo Precoce were the most inefficient and unresponsive.

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          Most cited references 31

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          How do plants achieve tolerance to phosphorus deficiency? Small causes with big effects.

          Genotypic differences in phosphorus (P) uptake from P-deficient soils may be due to higher root growth or higher external root efficiency (micrograms of P taken up per square centimeter of root surface area). Both factors are highly interrelated because any additional P provided by externally efficient roots will also stimulate root growth. It will be necessary to separate both factors to identify a primary mechanism to formulate hypotheses on pathways and genes causing genotypic differences in P uptake. For this purpose, a plant growth model was developed for rice (Oryza sativa) grown under highly P-deficient conditions. Model simulations showed that small changes in root growth-related parameters had big effects on P uptake. Increasing root fineness or the internal efficiency for root dry matter production (dry matter accumulated per unit P distributed to roots) by 22% was sufficient to increase P uptake by a factor of three. That same effect could be achieved by a 33% increase in external root efficiency. However, the direct effect of increasing external root efficiency accounted for little over 10% of the 3-fold increase in P uptake. The remaining 90% was due to enhanced root growth as a result of higher P uptake per unit root size. These results demonstrate that large genotypic differences in P uptake from a P-deficient soil can be caused by rather small changes in tolerance mechanisms. Such changes will be particularly difficult to detect for external efficiency because they are likely overshadowed by secondary root growth effects.
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            Genetic mapping of basal root gravitropism and phosphorus acquisition efficiency in common bean

             H Liao,  X Yan,  G. Rubio (2004)
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              Phosphorus nutrition of terrestrial plants

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                sa
                Scientia Agricola
                Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.)
                São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz" (Piracicaba, SP, Brazil )
                1678-992X
                June 2014
                : 71
                : 3
                : 232-239
                Affiliations
                [02] Teresina PI orgnameEmbrapa Mid-North orgdiv1UEP Brazil
                [01] Campinas SP orgnameAgronomic Institute orgdiv1Center of Grain and Fiber orgdiv2Commom Bean Breeding Program Brazil
                Article
                S0103-90162014000300008 S0103-9016(14)07100300008
                10.1590/S0103-90162014000300008
                bd4d959b-7b01-49df-a88e-9e869f549327

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 24, Pages: 8
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                Genetics and Plant Breeding

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