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      Amphipod family distributions around Iceland

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          Amphipod crustaceans were collected at all 55 stations sampled with an epibenthic sledge during two IceAGE expeditions (Icelandic marine Animals: Genetics and Ecology) in 2011 and 2013. In total, 34 amphipod families and three superfamilies were recorded in the samples. Distribution maps are presented for each taxon along with a summary of the regional taxonomy for the group. Statistical analyses based on presence/absence data revealed a pattern of family distributions that correlated with sampling depth. Clustering according to the geographic location of the stations (northernmost North Atlantic Sea and Arctic Ocean) can also be observed. IceAGE data for the Amphilochidae and Oedicerotidae were analysed on species level; in case of the Amphilochidae they were compared to the findings from a previous Icelandic benthic survey, BIOICE (Benthic Invertebrates of Icelandic waters), which also identified a high abundance of amphipod fauna.

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          The integrative future of taxonomy

          Background Taxonomy is the biological discipline that identifies, describes, classifies and names extant and extinct species and other taxa. Nowadays, species taxonomy is confronted with the challenge to fully incorporate new theory, methods and data from disciplines that study the origin, limits and evolution of species. Results Integrative taxonomy has been proposed as a framework to bring together these conceptual and methodological developments. Here we review perspectives for an integrative taxonomy that directly bear on what species are, how they can be discovered, and how much diversity is on Earth. Conclusions We conclude that taxonomy needs to be pluralistic to improve species discovery and description, and to develop novel protocols to produce the much-needed inventory of life in a reasonable time. To cope with the large number of candidate species revealed by molecular studies of eukaryotes, we propose a classification scheme for those units that will facilitate the subsequent assembly of data sets for the formal description of new species under the Linnaean system, and will ultimately integrate the activities of taxonomists and molecular biologists.
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            Operational Criteria for Delimiting Species

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              Deep, diverse and definitely different: unique attributes of the world's largest ecosystem

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                ZooKeys
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2018
                23 January 2018
                : 731
                : 1-53
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Senckenberg am Meer, German Centre for Marine Biodiversity Research (DZMB), c/o Biocenter Grindel, CeNak, Zoological Museum Hamburg, Martin-Luther-King-Platz 3, 20146 Hamburg
                [2 ] University of Hamburg, Biocenter Grindel, CeNak, Zoological Museum Hamburg, Martin-Luther-King-Platz 3, 20146 Hamburg
                [3 ] Laboratory of Polar Biology and Oceanobiology, Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Hydrobiology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, 12/16 Banacha st., 90-237 Lodz, Poland
                [4 ] Natural History Museum, London, Cromwell Road, South Kensington, United Kingdom
                [5 ] Tromso Museum, University of Tromso, 9037 Tromso, Norway
                [6 ] Forschungsmuseum A. Koenig, Adenauerallee 160, 53113 Bonn
                [7 ] Station Biologique, 2 rue Jolyet, 33120 Arcachon, France
                [8 ] Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Canada
                [9 ] National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, United Kingdom
                [10 ] Coasts and Oceans, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, 301 Evans Bay Pd, Greta Point, Wellington, 6021, New Zealand
                [11 ] Marine Zoology, Bremen Marine Ecology (BreMarE), University of Bremen, PO Box 330440, 28334 Bremen, Germany
                [12 ] Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Am Handelshafen 12, 27570 Bremerhaven
                [13 ] Helmholtz Institute for Functional Marine Biodiversity, Oldenburg
                [14 ] Museum fur Naturkunde, Leibniz-Institut fur Evolutions- und Biodiversitatsforschung, Invalidenstra?e 43, 10115 Berlin
                [15 ] Institute of Marine Research, PB 1870 Nordnes, N-5817 Bergen, Norway
                [16 ] Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Institut de Systematique, Evolution, Biodiversite ISYEB - UMR 7205 -CNRS, MNHN, UPMC, EPHE, 57 rue Cuvier, CP 26, F-75005, Paris, France
                [17 ] Estacion de Bioloxia Marina da Grana. Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Rua da Ribeira 1-4. A Grana. CP-15590. Ferrol. Galicia (Espana)
                [18 ] Laboratorio de Bentos Marino, Instituto del Mar del Peru, Esquina Gamarra y General Valle, S/N Chucuito, Callao, Peru
                [19 ] University Museum of Bergen, PO box 7800, NO 5020 Bergen, Norway
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Saskia Brix ( sbrix@ 123456senckenberg.de )

                Academic editor: J. Svavarsson

                Article
                10.3897/zookeys.731.19854
                5806392
                Saskia Brix, Anne-Nina Lorz, Anna M. Jazdzewska, Lauren Hughes, Anne Helene S. Tandberg, Krzysztof Pabis, Bente Stransky, Traudl Krapp-Schickel, Jean Claude Sorbe, Ed Hendrycks, Wim Vader, Inmaculada Frutos, Tammy Horton, Krzysztof Jazdzewski, Rachael Peart, Jan Beermann, Charles Oliver Coleman, Lene Buhl-Mortensen, Laure Corbari, Charlotte Havermans, Ramiro Tato, Anali Jimenez Campean

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Categories
                Research Article

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